A few years ago, while digging up the M1, workmen dozily pierced the pipeline taking water to Coca-Cola’s biggest factory in Wakefield, Yorkshire. The fact it’s so big it has its own pipeline is the least noteworthy part of this tale (it even has its own reservoir). But what is really quite jawdropping is this: when workers noticed the drop in pressure, they got on the blower to Yorkshire Water who – petrified at the penalty clauses for failing to supply water to the plant – diverted supplies intended for Wakefield town towards the factory, leaving residents briefly scratching their heads at the dribble coming from their taps.What’s this got to with chiller cabinets, you scream? Good point. Well, this little nugget illustrates how vast Coca-Cola’s UK operations are. But it could be even bigger, and you don’t become the daddy of soft drinks by sitting on your backside. A lot of bakery, sandwich shop and coffee operators buy their drinks on the ’grey market’, where the drinks are often imported. Coca-Cola UK wants your pound directly, and it’s willing to offer sweeteners in the form of free chiller cabinets.The firm opened the doors of the biggest drinks bottling plant in the world to members of international association of confectioners, The Richemont Club of Great Britain, for a tour of the plant, which measures an awe-inspiring 17 football pitches. But this was not just a jolly old outing. Sally Jackson, regional account executive for Coke, had a task to convince people why buying a UK-supplied case, at typically £3 more than one imported from, say, Germany, offers good value.”In the past, customers have looked at making more money from soft drinks by driving down the cost price to make better margins, but you can actually make more money by paying more money per case,” she says.New models of cabinet feature less conspicuous branding. Coca-Cola Enterprises is offering these alongside bespoke meal deals, point-of-sale, marketing leg-ups, such as sports event sponsorships, range advice and tips to increase turnover by tailoring the drinks category to your customers.At Sparks Bakery in Bradford, which took up the offer, this equated to an extra 611% sales, or a £65,000 boost in turnover for one outlet, claims Jackson. “I think the 600% uplift is a bit ambitious,” comments Chris Jones, buyer for 20-shop bakery chain Chatwins, based in Nantwich. “We’ll be on Coca-Cola’s back if our figures don’t match up, and get them to come down and sort it! But we’ll certainly look at this to expand the range.”So what’s the catch? One condition is that you stock 65-80% (depending on chiller size) of Coca-Cola Enterprises product – or 100% if it’s your second unit – whether that’s alongside other drinks, sandwiches or salads. Around 7% of Chatwins’ sales come from soft drinks and crisps, and Jones says the free chiller space would probably go to a smaller local supplier, Britannia Natural Spring Water, which makes niche flavoured waters such as Ginseng & Plum and Hemp with Grapefruit – a successful addition to Chatwins’ range in recent years. He adds: “With the point-of-sale, cabinets and everything Coca-Cola throws in, we’ve got nothing to lose and everything to gain, potentially.”Incidentally, residents of Wakefield need have no fear. The factory now gets its water from the river head, so no need to fill the bath.Europa 100 open-fronted coolerHeight: 2,100mmWidth: 1,010mmDepth: 930mmCapacity: 412 x 500ml bottlesRetro single-door coolerHeight: 1,890mmWidth: 495mmDepth: 664mmCapacity: 120 X 500ml bottles or 240 X 330ml cansEasyReach Express small open-fronted coolerHeight: 1,429mmWidth: 654mmDepth: 710mmCapacity: 120 X 500ml bottles or 240 X 330ml cans* all are powered b?y 13-amp sockets== Key questions to ask your chiller supplier ==l What energy efficiency savings can the cabinet offer against standard models on the market? If it cannot cut your bills, cut them loose.l Latest models are pushing energy savings further still – but at a price. These will often pay back in the medium- to long-term. But how quickly?l What is the chilling range and how quickly can the product be brought down to optimum temperature – is it suitable or will it pack up in a hot bakery?l Is there the option of external compressors, which will reduce heat and noise going into the shop? How easy is it to clean, service and maintain?== Claiming energy efficiency tax breaks ==If you invest in a standalone item that meets the ECA energy criteria, you can claim the full cost of the product and related installation costs. However, if you purchase a piece of equipment that doesn’t qualify, but has components that do, you can only claim for the costs relating to these. The remainder of the equipment will be eligible for a Capital Allowance.There are two different groups of energy-saving technology that qualify for an ECA:l Listed products that meet the criteria presented in the Energy Technology Criteria List (ETCL) and are listed on the Energy Technology Product List (ETPL).l Non-listed products that also meet the ETCL but are not listed on the ETPL.ECA claims should be submitted as part of your normal corporate or income tax return. It’s important to retain all documents relating to your ECA claim, including invoices, dated screen prints from the ECA website and anything from the company that installs the equipment.Product lists: [http://www.eca.gov.uk]Tax info: [http://www.hmrc.gov.uk]== Chilling out at BIE/Food & Drink World ==Susan Berry, director Prestige”Bakers are going more for the Continental look. The units are designed so that they have small compressors, minimum heat output, four shelves that are individually chilled – so you could have two refrigerated levels and two at ambient room temperature for tarts and cakes. They are designed to cope with high ambient shop temperatures – up to 90?F. For anything above that, the shop should really have air-conditioning. The latest product coming through is all designed for low energy consumption – it has to be.”Cameron Scott, retail development executive GlaxoSmithKline”We do a number of refrigerated solutions. This is our 1.5m dairy deck, which is offered on a free three-year on-loan contract, and it’s a pretty good unit in comparison to people like Coca-Cola. If that was the only chiller in the store, we’d ask for 35% space; the other 65% could go to whomever. We just want a fair share, and we’re not trying to be aggressive. We are playing catch-up to Coke, which has obliterated the market with its 2m dairy deck, but the open dairy deck is the way we see things going, rather than the closed door sort, and we can be flexible on branding.”Alister McLean, managing director Capital Cooling”There has been massive interest here from the bakery sector. The 2.5m-length version of this Mars cabinet will run on a 13-amp plug – it’s the lowest-cost running cabinet available in the UK today. Nothing has been spared on cost and it is an expensive cabinet to buy. A similar-sized cabinet will cost circa £2,300; the Mars is £3,500. However, it cuts the energy costs right down and pays itself off in no time.”
Gail’s officially opened its new Soho bakery last week, as it continues its expansion across London.The outlet – Gail’s 10th – on Wardour Street, is the first in a non-suburban location and marks a turning point for the bakery business.The firm said it likes to experiment at each of its shop locations and has just launched a ‘pie of the day’ at the Soho branch, as well as a new product – the Soho bun. It is a small bun, made with plenty of cream and chocolate chunks, and it will only be available from its Soho outlet for a limited period.The bakery chain said that although the business is growing, it is focused on retaining a sense of individuality for each outlet, based on the community in which it is located. The Soho shop features a zinc-bread shelf, as well as a cheeky piece of neon artwork by artist Ron Haselden, which spells out the words ‘nice buns’.In May last year, Risk Capital acquired “a large stake” in north London artisan bakery Bread Ltd – parent company to Gail’s bakery and café estate.>>Luke Johnson to grow Gail’s and Patisserie Valerie>>Risk Capital takes share in London bread firm
Latest updateRead the latest statement from Professor Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer on the nerve agent incident in Amesbury. PDF, 122KB, 1 page Request an accessible format. 7 July 2018Professor Paul Cosford, Director of Health Protection and Medical Director at PHE, said: wash the clothing that you were wearing in an ordinary washing machine using your regular detergent at the temperature recommended for the clothing wipe personal items such as phones, handbags and other electronic items with cleansing or baby wipes and dispose of the wipes in the bin (ordinary domestic waste disposal) keep your items double-bagged and securely fastened if they are dry-clean only (further details will follow) 13 July 2018In response to the latest police statement on the current situation in Amesbury and Salisbury, the risk to the public remains low. We have not seen any further cases of illness linked to this incident. As a precaution Public Health England (PHE) continues to strongly advise the public not to pick up any strange items such as syringes, needles, cosmetics or similar objects made of materials such as metal, plastic or glass.The advice remains “if you didn’t drop it, then don’t pick it up”.11 July 2018Professor Paul Cosford, Medical Director and Director of Health Protection at PHE, spoke at the Amesbury public meeting on 10 July 2018. In his speech, he said: Don’t pick it up poster None of these actions should damage your washing machine.Other items such as jewellery and spectacles which cannot go in the washing machine or be cleaned with baby wipes, should be hand washed with warm water and detergent and then rinsed with clean cold water.Please thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water after cleaning any items.You do not need to seek advice from a health professional unless you are experiencing symptoms.Locations identified by the police include: Firstly, I’d like to express my sincere condolences to Dawn Sturgess’ family and friends at this very sad time. We fully recognise that the residents in Amesbury and the nearby areas are concerned. We share their shock that this has happened in their community and are working side by side with other agencies to ensure they receive all the advice and support they need. PHE’s role is to evaluate the information that we have and assess the risk to the public, based on what we know. We are working very closely with the police and other partners and we keep our advice continually under review as new evidence emerges. We have not seen any further cases of illness since Dawn Sturgess and Charlie Rowley became unwell and anyone who would have been exposed with significant exposure would be very sick by now. The police have already cordoned off a number of sites in the area which could potentially be at risk. It is by using this information that we can say that the risk to the public in Salisbury and Amesbury remains low. However, as a precaution, and as the Chief Medical Officer has said, I want to emphasise to everyone in the Salisbury and Amesbury area that nobody, adult or child, should pick up any foreign object which could contain (or may have previously contained) liquid or gel, in the interests of your own safety. This in practice means do not pick up containers, syringes, needles, cosmetics or similar objects made of materials such as metal, plastic or glass. This is particularly important as we approach school holidays and so I am asking that people are extra vigilant and we urge parents to talk with your children to be sure they understand. To be clear: do not pick up anything that you haven’t dropped yourself. You do not need to seek advice from a health professional unless you are experiencing symptoms. If you are concerned, you should call NHS 111. As before, you should continue to follow our advice and that of the police.Despite this event, PHE wants to stress that the risk to the general public remains low and there is no immediate health risk to anyone who may have been in the areas identified by police. As has already been mentioned, areas of Salisbury which have already been cleaned and are back in use remain safe. Events of the past few days are shocking and very sad. PHE staff are working hard to ensure the community remains safe and that we encourage people to go about your daily lives as normal. Queen Elizabeth Gardens in Salisbury a property at John Baker House, Rolleston Street, Salisbury a property on Muggleton Road, Amesbury Boots the chemist, Stonehenge Walk, Amesbury the Baptist church on Raleigh Crescent, Amesbury If you visited any of the 5 locations identified by police you should: If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need aversion of this document in a more accessible format, please email [email protected] tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Our current advice, based on the small number of casualties affected remains that the risk to the public is low. We will keep this assessment under constant review as further information becomes known. While there is no immediate health risk to anyone who may have been in any of the locations identified by the police, as a highly precautionary measure it is a wise thing to wash your clothes and personal effects. We also advise that people don’t pick up anything if you don’t know what it is. This is standard advice and has not changed. Novichok incident public advice leaflet 3 July 2018Last night, Wiltshire Police and partners declared a major incident in connection with 2 people who fell ill in Amesbury.PHE is working closely with both national government and local services to respond to this incident.Mike Wade, Deputy Director of Health Protection in the South-West, said: We’re pleased that Mr Rowley is well enough to leave hospital. For the avoidance of doubt, Mr Rowley’s discharge creates no risk to anyone in the community. Our advice to the public remains unchanged. Do not pick up any items such as syringes, needles, cosmetics or similar objects made of materials such as metal, plastic or glass. If you didn’t drop it, then don’t pick it up. This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. 9 July 2018Professor Paul Cosford, Director of Health Protection and Medical Director for PHE, said: Our current advice, based on the small number of casualties affected, is that the risk to the public is low. We will keep this assessment under constant review as further information becomes known. While there is no immediate health risk to anyone who may have been in any of the 5 locations identified by police today (Thursday 5 July 2018), as a highly precautionary measure we are advising that people who visited the sites between 10pm on June 29 and 6.30pm on Saturday, June 30, undertake the following actions. If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need aversion of this document in a more accessible format, please email [email protected] tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use. Read our public health matters blog to answer frequently asked questions. 5 July 2018Mike Wade, Deputy Director of Health Protection for PHE South West, said: Request an accessible format. wash the clothing that you were wearing in an ordinary washing machine using your regular detergent at the temperature recommended for the clothing wipe personal items such as phones, handbags and other electronic items with cleansing or baby wipes and dispose of the wipes in the bin (ordinary domestic waste disposal) keep your items double-bagged and securely fastened if they are dry-clean only (further details will follow) Anyone with issues related to the incident can contact Wiltshire Police by calling 101. Queen Elizabeth Gardens in Salisbury a property at John Baker House, Rolleston Street, Salisbury a property on Muggleton Road, Amesbury Boots the chemist, Stonehenge Walk, Amesbury the Baptist church on Raleigh Crescent, Amesbury We would like to offer our sincere condolences to the family of Dawn Sturgess at this very sad time. We fully recognise that this news will cause great concern among residents of Salisbury and Amesbury. However, our assessment remains that the overall risk to the general public remains low. As a precaution we still advise the public not to pick up any strange items such as needles, syringes or unusual containers and we would ask that you continue to follow our advice if you were in any of the locations identified by the police from 10pm on Friday 29 June. This is to wash your clothes in a washing machine and to keep your items double-bagged and securely fastened if they are dry-clean only. PDF, 256KB, 3 pages This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. None of these actions should damage your washing machine.Other items such as jewellery and spectacles which cannot go in the washing machine or be cleaned with baby wipes, should be hand washed with warm water and detergent and then rinsed with clean cold water.Please thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water after cleaning any items.You do not need to seek advice from a health professional unless you are experiencing symptoms.Locations identified by the police: Previous updates20 July 2018Statement from Professor Paul Cosford, Director of Health Protection and Medical Director at Public Health England: We still advise that if you visited any of the locations identified by the police you should: Our current advice, based on the number of casualties affected, is that it is not believed that there is a significant health risk to the wider public. We will keep this assessment under constant review as further information becomes known.
Hovis has confirmed that almost 50 jobs are “at risk” at its crumpet and bread factory in Wigan. Staff at the bread plant in New Springs were reportedly informed yesterday that bosses plan to make 48 redundancies with consultations between Hovis and union officials now taking place.A representative for Hovis commented: “Due to ongoing pressure and changes in the bread market, unfortunately it has become necessary for us to review our production levels. As a result 48 roles at our Wigan Bakery are at risk. We are consulting with the colleagues affected by this very difficult decision. No other bakeries are impacted.”They confirmed that Hovis has started the consultation process.The redundancies may come as a shock following Hovis’ stronger performance of late, which has seen it take second place in the big three, behind Warburtons and ahead of Kingsmill.Hovis has also just appointed its long-awaited chief executive, former Dairy Crest managing director Martyn Wilks, following Bob Spooner’s departure three months previously.
Hugo E.R. Uyterhoeven, M.B.A. ’57, D.B.A. ’63, an expert on general management and a member of the Harvard Business School (HBS) faculty for more than 50 years who maintained a steadfast commitment to course development and teaching while also making a lasting mark as a talented administrator, died on Monday evening, Jan. 29, at a hospital in Melbourne, FL, near his home in Vero Beach. He was 86 years old.According to his daughter Laura U. Moon, Managing Director of Initiatives at HBS, the cause of death was complications from a fall following a bike ride with his wife, Julie, on Sunday, Jan. 28. “As he wished, my father lived life to the fullest and passed away peacefully,” Moon said. At the time of his death, Uyterhoeven was the School’s Timken Professor of Business Administration Emeritus.Uyterhoeven’s academic interests focused on business policy and the role of the middle manager. He also examined the domestic and international economy, particularly the interaction between business and government, as well as the subjects of productivity, corporate profits, and structural changes in the world economy. He taught many courses in the Harvard MBA program, including Management of International Business; Business, Government, and the International Economy; and Industry and Competitive Analysis. He taught in and was course head of Business Policy and the General Manager’s Perspective.He also taught executives in the School’s Advanced Management Program for senior executives (AMP), the International Senior Managers Program (now part of AMP), and the General Manager Program.Uyterhoeven’s late friend and colleague Professor Norman Berg once noted that “Hugo had a great ability to challenge and get students involved in the material. He had a European background and a broad knowledge of international affairs and business that came through in any discussion.” “He was my favorite teacher, because he was so tough,” Andreas Andresen, a retired German industrialist and alumnus of the 69th session of AMP, once told the HBS Alumni Bulletin.Colleagues also benefited from Uyterhoeven’s well-honed teaching skills, especially the creative teaching plans he devised. “Hugo was a fantastic teacher,” recalled HBS senior lecturer Ashish Nanda. “He used to tell me to ‘Think of a class as a horse you are riding. The more tightly you pull on the reins, the more the horse will buck. The more you let the reins free and the horse roam, the happier the horse will be and the better your ride.’”Uyterhoeven also made significant contributions on many other fronts at Harvard Business School. He served twice as faculty head of AMP during the 1970s, while also chairing the School’s General Management Unit (or Department). Read Full Story
BEIRUT (AP) — Thirteen people have been killed in separate incidents in Syria. In one, a Syrian was killed and four people injured after Kurdish security forces opened fire at pro-government demonstrators in the shared northeastern city of Hassakeh. The state news agency SANA said demonstrators were protesting a siege on their neighborhood. Separately, first responders and opposition media said two car bombs went off two hours apart in the northwestern town of Azaz and another village some 50 kilometers (30 miles) away, killing 12 people, including at least one child.
After last week’s closed meeting, in which the Notre Dame senate heard and declined to overturn an appeal regarding the sanction of the Dugan-Pozas Garza ticket, it reconvened for its regular programming last night. The agenda included further debate over the allocation of funding between Student Union organizations and the Club Coordination Council (CCC). First, the senate heard a presentation from senior director of Campus Dining Chris Abayasinghe, who spoke over the changes to come to meal plans for the undergraduate student body next fall. “We began this journey roughly four years ago,” Abayasinghe said. “What we heard were some common themes, and I think this also coincides with the announcement in 2017 about enhancing the on-campus residential communities including free laundry and the meal plans.”Abayasinghe said the decision to offer more meal plan options with flex points rollover and block meal plans came from the realization of two things: the value students see in flex points and how many meal swipes students have left over at the end of each week. After Abayasinghe’s presentation, the senate returned to debate over Resolution SO1290-27, which called for clubs to receive more funding. If passed, the resolution would allocate 46% of funds available from the Financial Management Board (FMB) to the CCC and 53% of funds to the remaining Student Union organizations. Currently, the CCC receives 40% of available funds and 59% goes to Student Union organizations. The 6% change was the cause of much tension in the questioning and debate period two weeks ago during the Feb. 5 senate meeting, in which the debate period was postponed. Wednesday’s meeting proved much the same. Approximately a year ago, the student senate debated a similar resolution and ultimately rejected it.Senior and CCC president Jordan Isner started the debate by encouraging those in attendance to try to remain ”unbiased.” He then presented a number of statistics in favor of the resolution, citing the surplus of unspent funds spent by the Student Union over the last three years. Not accounting for deficits, the Student Union ran a surplus of $51,323 for the 2018-2019 year.“I didn’t subtract out the deficits because Student Union boards shouldn’t be running deficits,” Isner said.Student body vice president Patrick McGuire added that the Student Union board had a roughly $30,000 deficit last year, which would be subtracted from the $51,323 Isner presented. Christine Arcoleo, Student Union treasurer and senior, who helped draft and sign off on the resolution, explained what happens to funds that are not spent each year.“[The surplus] can be rolled back into the endowment and it can earn interest to be used in the following year,” Arcoleo said. ”So basically it’s OK to have some leftover money to go back into the endowment, but it is a problem if there’s a huge surplus not going to any clubs or organizations.” Isner also cited direct quotes from club leaders who told him their clubs need more funding.Junior Class Council president Sam Cannova then took to the floor to argue against the resolution. Cannova explained the $26,508.25 surplus from the Student Union is due to how the Hall President’s Council (HPC) uses its funds.“For the last three years, HPC has run a $35 — $36 — $37,000 surplus, but for the two [years] prior, they were totally flat,” Cannova said. ”[I] talked to the HPC chairs who said it’s because of a problem in how they actually get funds to the halls to do their events. Basically, the hall throws the event, then they request the funds, without knowing if they’ll get the funds in the first place.” Cannova then cited information that only 25% of, or 106 clubs, receive CCC funding, and the other 75% of clubs are self-sufficient.“About 44% [of funds] go to athletic clubs and less than 9% go to cultural and service clubs,” he said. ”Basically what we are seeing is there is a need. It’s comparable to the Student Union, but it is not as dire.” Fisher senator and junior DC Morris also opposed the resolution.“Fisher guys are proud of the Regatta. Keenan guys are proud of the Revue,” Morris said. ”I don’t know if your dorm doesn’t have pride like that, but we are [about] to take money from things that help fund those and [give it] to clubs who quite frankly in my opinion, like men’s volleyball club, may impact 25 individuals on campus. … The dorms are the heart of the community at Notre Dame, and I just want to protect the dorms.” Diversity Council chair and senior Tiffany Rojas offered a different perspective.“Halls aren’t a source of community for all Notre Dame students,” Rojas said. “Most students find their communities in these 400 clubs. I think the thing with club sports is a bit unfair, because a lot of times this is where students can find their outlet outside of the academic sphere.” After a half hour of debate, the resolution was voted on and fell shy of the majority. With 14 votes for the resolution, 19 votes against it and one abstaining vote, the motion failed to pass. “Are clubs underfunded? The answer should be a resounding ‘Yes.’ Does student government effectively represent students? Tonight, senate proved the answer to this question is a resounding ’No,’” Isner said in an email. “I am disappointed that clubs will continue to struggle for funding, while Student Union branches waste tens of thousands of dollars every year.’’Cannova also commented on the passing of the resolution.“I’m glad that the senate could take the time to share a fact-based discussion on an important topic,” he said. “After last year’s decision to shift 3% of all Student Union funds into clubs, and with thorough review of Student Union budgets and broad figures on the CCC-funded clubs, it seems that we are already at a good balance. It’s important to remember that we’re all working towards the same end here: improving the student experience. With that in mind, I’m looking forward to finding more creative ways to collaborate with different clubs and other Student Union organizations through the rest of the year.”Tags: Club Coordination Council, club funding, Senate, Student Union
The Observer General Board elected News Writer and social media strategist Adriana Perez as Editor-in-Chief for the 2021-2022 term Monday.“Adriana is deeply committed to reliable journalism and well-versed in many sections of The Observer,” current Editor-in-Chief Maria Leontaras said. “Her knowledge and compassion will make her a great Editor-in-Chief. I have no doubt that Adriana will only continue to grow and inspire others to work hard and take the paper to the next level.”At Notre Dame, Perez calls Farley Hall her home. She is a junior pursuing a major in political science with a minor in Journalism, Ethics and Democracy. Adriana Perez | The Observer The Observer General Board elected junior Adriana Perez to be the Editor-in-Chief for the 2021-2022 term.“I owe The Observer and its people so much, and I feel honored and humbled to have this opportunity to lead it in serving the tri-campus community in the coming year,” Perez said. “I am incredibly grateful to the outgoing Editorial Board for the trust they have placed in me, as well as for their constant guidance and encouragement. I will do my best to live up to the great work they have accomplished.”Though she was born in Miami, Florida, Perez has lived her whole life in Guayaquil, Ecuador, from where her family hails. Perez began working for The Observer’s From the Archives project in 2019 and then became co-host of the paper’s Viewpoint podcast, The Sixth Seat, in early 2020. She also began writing for the Notre Dame News department last spring. In the fall semester, she became a social media strategist, helping to manage the newspaper’s Twitter account. Perez will begin her term as Editor-in-Chief on March 7.Tags: Editor-in-Chief, Editorial Board, The Observer
Ten Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic states have, in the face of federal inaction, agreed on a region-wide greenhouse gas emissions limit, enforced through the sale of pollution permits to large fossil fuel power plants there. Money raised is invested in local businesses throughout the region that promote energy efficiency and renewable energy sources Pictured: The Big Allis Power Plant, Queens, New York City. Credit: iStock Photo/ThinkstockDear EarthTalk: I understand that some Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic U.S. states have banded together to reduce their own greenhouse gas emissions. Can you enlighten?— Bo Clifford, Cary, NCGiven the lack of federal action to curb greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S., several East Coast states joined together in 2008 to form the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), committing to a market-based system to cap carbon pollution and lower energy bills while creating more green jobs.Under RGGI, the 10 participating states—Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont—agreed on a region-wide greenhouse gas emissions limit, enforced through the sale of pollution permits to large fossil fuel power plants there. The utilities that run the plants purchase the right (at quarterly auctions) to emit certain capped amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). The money raised is in turn invested in local businesses throughout Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states that promote energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. RGGI’s overall goal is to reduce CO2 emissions from the power sector in the states involved by 10 percent by 2018.The program was conceived in 2008 by then New York governor George Pataki based on a similar federal program launched by President George H.W. Bush in 1990 that successfully curbed emissions of other pollutants that led to acid rain.While RGGI had strong bipartisan support at launch, changing priorities have since forced some states to reconsider their commitments. According to RenewableEnergyWorld.com, New Jersey is likely to back out, while factions in New Hampshire and Maine have also called for a withdrawal. “The political tides have turned significantly since the program was started, and many legislatures are now dominated by a new crop of lawmakers looking to cut spending in cash-strapped states,” the website reports.Environmentalists and many business owners have banded together to try to save RGGI in the face of economic threats to its viability. Last July some 200 Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic businesses signed on to an open letter urging the governors of the 10 participating states to keep up with the program so that it can achieve its goals. “The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative shows that market-based programs can reduce greenhouse gas emissions while boosting our economy and improving energy security, and we encourage you to support and strengthen RGGI going forward,” the letter states. The letter goes on to cite research showing a $4-6 increase in economic output for every $1 invested in energy efficiency programs in the RGGI states. “Even better, these market-driven investments create jobs in the clean tech sector—one of the most dynamic segments of our state economies.”Perhaps more important, RGGI “serves as a powerful model for what a comprehensive national energy policy should do” says the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), a leading environmental group. Whether or not the economy will improve enough or climate change will become dramatic enough for Congress and the White House to take federal action to limit greenhouse gas emissions across the board is anybody’s guess. In the meantime, keeping alive programs like RGGI might be the best we can hope for.CONTACTS: RGGI, www.rggi.org; RenewableEnergyWorld.com, www.renewableenergyworld.com; Businesses Letter to State Governors, www.cleanenergycouncil.org/files/RGGIJuly2011Final.pdf.EarthTalk® is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E – The Environmental Magazine (www.emagazine.com). Send questions to: [email protected] Subscribe: www.emagazine.com/subscribe. Free Trial Issue: www.emagazine.com/trial.