1 Philippe Coutinho returns for Liverpool Liverpool boss Brendan Rodgers lamented a ‘lack of creativity’ for his side’s Europa League exit to Besiktas, but he will hope they can rediscover it in time for Sunday’s huge clash against Manchester City – live and exclusive on talkSPORT, from 12pm.The Reds were missing a number of key personnel for the shootout defeat in Turkey, with Jordan Henderson, Philippe Coutinho and Mamadou Sakho left back on Merseyside to prepare for the weekend’s fixture and while some questioned Rodgers’ decision to do so, it could prove to be a masterstroke.The trio are fully expected to make the first XI, but who else will play alongside them?talkSPORT takes a look… GoalkeeperWith little in the way of alternative, Simon Mignolet will remain in goal for the Redmen.DefenceWhile Rodgers may be tempted to give Dejan Lovren the chance to make amends for his missed spot-kick, it seems likely that the Kop boss will return to his current favoured trio of Sakho, Martin Skrtel and Emre Can, the latter of whom was moved into midfield against Besiktas.MidfieldHenderson is nailed on to regain his spot in the heart of midfield, and is tipped to be joined by Joe Allen. Alberto Moreno will likely retain his position on the left, with Lazar Markovic heavily backed to replace Jordon Ibe on the right.AttackMario Balotelli was a surprise selection alongside Daniel Sturridge for the Europa League defeat, but it seems unlikely that Rodgers will retain two up front for the visit of Man City. Expect to see Philippe Coutinho and Raheem Sterling playing behind Sturridge.Liverpool fans, how do you think you’ll line-up against Man City? Comment below…Liverpool v Man City is on EXCLUSIVE on talkSPORT, Sunday from 12pm. Click here to stream LIVE. 1
8 April 2004South Africa’s nutriceutical industry has grown rapidly over the past decade, and is now estimated to be a worth around R7-billion.This can be compared to nutriceutical industries worth about $86-billion in the US and a quarter of the $6-billion annual food sales in Japan. 47% of the Japanese population consume nutriceuticals.Nutriceuticals, made from herbal or botanical raw materials, help in the prevention or treatment of disease. They include a broad range of health supplements and complementary medicines sold at health outlets, pharmacies and retail outlets.Millions of rands are currently been invested in the nutriceutical industry in South Africa, in particular in efforts to develop medicines and supplements to combat the HIV/Aids pandemic.Experts say the industry has also grown as a result of the negative effects of modern lifestyles on our health, including stress. Increasingly, they say, consumers are taking responsibility for their health, opting for self-medication through nutritional supplements.The growth of the industry has come with some drawbacks, however. According to Business Day, the industry is largely unregulated, leaving consumers at the mercy of advertising claims.The University of Stellenbosch’s Nutrition Information Centre works to expose nutrition misinformation, and to offer solid, healthy dietary advice in its place.The Medicines Control Council (MCC) has been criticised for a lack of uniform policing, and legal loopholes have allowed manufacturers to produce complementary medicines without certification and with vitamin contents below the recommended daily allowance. Experts say this is partly due to the difficulty in defining nutriceuticals.The MCC applies standards laid down by the Medicines and Related Substances Control Act, which governs the manufacture, distribution, sale and marketing of medicines.Recently the Herb Research Foundation in the United States, South Africa’s Agricultural Research Council and the US Agency for International Development (USAid) joined forces to develop sustainable businesses through the environmentally and socially conscious cultivation of herbs.Because of its southern hemisphere location, the region has the opportunity to become a primary producer of off-season herbs during the time when they fetch the highest prices on world markets.SouthAfrica.info reporter
DATE: 18 October 2018Members of the media,I am pleased to announce that President Cyril Ramaphosa will be hosting the inaugural South Africa Investment Conference on 25-27 October 2018. The theme of the conference is ‘Accelerating Growth by Building Partnerships’.The Investment Conference follows a commitment made by the President during the State of the Nation Address in February this year. The aim of the conference is to market the compelling investment opportunities in our country so as to encourage investments and create jobs.This conference is a key milestone in the country’s bold ambition to raise at least R1.2 trillion in new investment over the next five years and one of a series of initiatives being undertaken by government to ensure economic recovery and growth, and to create jobs and prevent further job losses.In April this year, President Ramaphosa appointed four investment envoys: former Minister of Finance, Trevor Manuel; the former Deputy Minister of Finance, Mcebisi Jonas; businesswoman, Phumzile Langeni; and veteran businessman, Jaco Maree.In September, in response to negative growth in the first half of the year, President Ramaphosa announced a stimulus and recovery plan to ignite economic activity, restore investor confidence, prevent further job losses and create much needed jobs.Through the stimulus and recovery plan, Government is introducing immediate economic reforms to provide policy certainty and unlock growth in key sectors. Already there has been clear progress in unblocking policy obstacles, including in the mining, energy and tourism sectors, and in addressing issues of governance and corruption. Government is committed to further opening dialogue with business; tackling corruption in state owned entities and government departments; and improving efficiencies of government departments and agencies.The Investment Conference builds on the recent Presidential Job Summit, where labour, business, government and the community constituency adopted a ground breaking Framework Agreement to prevent further job losses, create jobs and support companies in distress.Over the past six months, the President’s investment envoys have engaged in over 150 dialogues with the both domestic and international investors. These interactions have helped to facilitate open communication on the investment climate and on the opportunities for investment that could be unlocked through partnership.These engagements have achieved three broad aspects critical to achieving our objectives for the investment drive, and has contributed to an ‘issues log’, which is a collation of proposals on how government can re-orient policy to stimulate economic growth and increase investor confidence. Government has already established an inter-ministerial committee that is working around the clock to leverage this feedback to improve the ease of doing business.An investment pipeline has been collated, which is a collection of projects that either have a funding gap or have been delayed due to red tape or administrative delays. Some of these projects will be showcased at the Investment Conference for consideration by investors;The investment envoys, together with InvestSA, have facilitated the resolution of specific issues related to regulatory permits or licenses, delayed decision-making, work visas and guidance regarding B-BBEE equity equivalent requirements.It is against this backdrop that President Ramaphosa has extended invitations to a select number of CEOs, investors and leaders of civil society to provide a platform to showcase growth and investment prospects in an economy with vast potential and enormous resources. At least one thousand delegates are expected to attend the conference.Government will use the opportunity to engage with investors and share the progress it is making in its journey towards political and economic recovery. This requires strengthening the credibility of our public institutions and unlocking the latent potential and innovative spirit of South Africa’s economy.On 26 October, President Ramaphosa will open the conference, followed by a presentation of a case for investment in South Africa. The presentation will be followed by the announcement of bankable projects and then plenary will break into sector specific sessions around agriculture, agro-processing, mining and manufacturing, transport, ICT, tourism, BPO, film, energy, water and venture capital. Mr Jack Ma, the founder and executive chairman of Alibaba Group, will be the keynote speaker at the Business Dinner on 26 October.The conference will be preceded by a series of networking events on 25 October, including a networking event.On 27 October 2018, President Ramaphosa will lead a walk along Vilakazi Street in Soweto with delegates. The aim of the walkabout is to showcase the vibrancy of the township economy. The investors will thereafter have an opportunity to hold business-to-business bilateral and business-to-government bilateral meetings.Government calls upon all sectors of society to rally behind this bold initiative to stimulate economic growth and create jobs for all in our communities.For enquires contact: [email protected] or [email protected] or visit the event website at www.sainvestmentconference.co.zaIssued by the Inter-Ministerial Committee.
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Close-ups have a range of uses, from comedy to horror, but as a general rule, you should use them sparingly. Here are a few reasons why.The close-up is one of the most common tools in visual storytelling, and when used correctly, it is very powerful. It allows the filmmaker to connect the audience with the subject on a deeper emotional level. But if you overuse it, the effect wears off quickly, and the film feels claustrophobic and cramped. Let’s take a look at few situations when you should, and when you shouldn’t, use a close-up.Emotional ContagionIn “Catching Characters’ Emotions,” Amy Coplan discusses the involuntary psychological response known as “emotional contagion,” wherein a person will mimic and (to a degree) feel the emotions of the people around them — or in this case, the characters in a film. Coplan uses the opening scene of Saving Private Ryan to make her point. At the beginning of the film, we do not know the characters’ back stories or personalities or motivations. But through the strategic use of close-ups, Spielberg connects the audience to these characters on an emotional level.The initial close-ups cause us to “catch” emotions, so as the rest of the scene plays out, we’re already invested in the characters’ well-being. Coplan writes, “Emotional contagion is not a deliberate or intellectual process but one that takes place involuntarily and unconsciously.” This is the power of the close-up. Regardless of the viewer’s immersion into the plot and suspension of disbelief, if the viewer is watching, chances are that, at the very least, a close-up with a powerful emotional performance will draw them in.Emotional EnduranceA thought, then, might be to use the close-up as much as possible in order to draw in and maintain the audience’s emotional attention. However, there are inherent flaws with this approach. First of all, we can only experience emotions for so long before we become mentally and physically worn out. Yes, moods last for a long period of time, but the initial experience of an emotion is brief. By the time we get to the close-up that matters, they all feel just the same.Check out this short film, “Uisce Beatha,” about an Irishman who misses his boat (the Titanic) to emigrate to America.The film is almost entirely shot using close-ups. Aside from making everything feel cramped and uncomfortable, the close-up loses its effect. There is no differentiation between a close-up during our protagonist’s regular conversations and one wherein his father is weeping. After so much emotional contagion, we’re emotionally fatigued. By the time we’re supposed to be moved by a crying father, we’re spent!The notion is similar to the jump scare. If a horror film relies only on jump scares, then most of us will eventually stop caring, and each subsequent scare will be predictable and ineffective. Watch this scene from The Haunting. Not only does it use the close-up effectively, it’s also a good use of the jump scare.The proper use of the close-up intensifies the jump scare. As our characters come together and begin to move back down the staircase, the camera pulls out to wider shots, allowing us to relax from the tension for a moment. Then, suddenly, we jump back into a close-up as the doctor’s wife emerges from a trap door, practically shoving her terrified expression into our faces. This dramatic change of composition is unsettling, and it is made even more powerful by the emotional contagion that occurs as we witness the look of horror.ContextStorytelling relies on context. The twist at the end of The Sixth Sense has little power without the entire film that precedes it. Coplan writes, “Emotional contagion leads to a synchrony between individuals, but this synchrony is not sufficient for understanding.”Out of context, the close-up will only elicit the experience of an emotion, not an understanding of it. If the opening scene of Saving Private Ryan were only close-ups of worried faces, than that’s all we would feel: worry. When the camera pulls out to show the battle taking place, we receive context for these emotions and are then able to actually relate to and grow with each character — as opposed to simply mimicking the characters’ emotions.When possible, the close-up should emphasize emotions and thoughts within a grander context. In Superbad, we see a close-up used exactly that way.For most of the scene, we see mid shots and wides of the characters in their environments and how they interact with each other. We only cut in to close-ups to emphasize the characters’ anger, disbelief, and fear. This uses the close-up as a tool for emphasis.Body LanguageMuch of our interpersonal communication relies on body language. Body language not only emotionally emphasizes words and ideas, it also conveys important characteristics of the subjects on-screen. The way characters move and comport themselves is critical to understanding who they are. Obviously, then, shooting too many close-ups hinders viewers’ ability to read characters’ body language.Compare these two scenes and how each one handles the close-up.CyrusCasino RoyaleThe performances in both are very well done, but in Casino Royale, we see more mid and wide shots of the conversation. This gives us a better view of these two characters moving about in space (even the limited space of a dinner table) — it also helps us step back from their faces. In Cyrus, we are crammed up against John C. Reilly and Jonah Hill’s faces for the entirety of their conversation. This creates a sense that these two characters are practically motionless beings.The Close-Up for EmphasisWith today’s smaller screens, it’s easy to fall into a habit of shooting mostly close-ups. A face filling a phone or television screen for most of an hour isn’t as obnoxious as one that fills a theater screen. But regardless of the size of the screen, the close-up is a powerful tool that requires moderation.As with all art, however, “rules” are really just guidance. This is not to say that close-ups can only be and are only effective in specific emotional moments. But the new filmmaker should approach the close-up with a certain degree of respect. Unless there is a thematic or narrative reason to shoot mostly close-ups (i.e., creating a sense of claustrophobia, paranoia, etc.), avoid falling into the habit of shooting entire sequences (or films, for that matter) in only close-ups. Use them sparingly.The close-up is an intimate moment, a look into a character’s mind. Find the moments when its use would create the most impact.Cover image via Casino Royale (Sony Pictures Releasing).Looking for more articles on film and video production? Check these out.Back to Basics: Mastering Wide and Close-up ShotsHow to Design a Close-Up Shot — And When You Should Use ItHow to Organically Incorporate Close-Ups Into Your EditHow to Shoot Close-Up Shots Like Sergio LeoneCinematography Tip: How the Pros Frame a Close-Up
Dhoni trying to take a catch in India match against Ireland at DelhiA day after India’s final over loss to South Africa at Nagpur, a Mumbai friend smsed Sachin Tendulkar in Marathi, “Aplache daant aani aplache aont, dosh kunala dweicha (It’s your teeth, your lips, whom will you blame).”Tendulkar had expressed disgust at the way India’s middle-order batsmen had thrown away their wickets. He also did not like the last over bloomer by Ashish Nehra and felt Harbhajan Singh was a natural choice for skipper Mahendra Singh Dhoni. The master blaster’s reply to his friend was a terse “yes”.Under fire for choosing Nehra, Dhoni played with a straight bat when attacked at the post-match press conference. Then he locked himself up. He was visibly upset and even suggested that he could carry a cellphone next time he stepped on to the ground so that India’s cricket experts (read fans and reporters) could tweet and post remarks on facebook.The speculation over Dhoni’s combination for the game and the team’s commitment continued for more than 48 hours after the defeat. “I sincerely don’t know what Nehra is doing in the team because he is unfit most of the time. He hasn’t had enough match practice,” says former wicket-keeper and chief selector Kiran More. “In Delhi, Nehra bowled only one over.””Once many called his decisions his natural instinct, now it is his obstinacy that is causing problems for the side,” says former Australian cricketer Dean Jones, who has already panned the side and its chances for the World Cup as a midsummer night’s dream. Consider some of Dhoni’s mistakes.advertisementOver-confidence In the World Twenty20 in 2007, Joginder Sharma bowled the final over when Pakistan needed 13 runs. It worked. But it did not work with Nehra who was preferred over Harbhajan Singh against South Africa.The Piyush factor He continues to back Piyush Chawla, the leg spinner, over a competent R. Ashwin who has the support of the selection board.Disorder within The batting order is messy. What is the ideal order? Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag as openers, followed by Gautam Gambhir, Virat Kohli, Yuvraj Singh, Yusuf Pathan and Dhoni himself. But the move to switch Yusuf Pathan and Virat Kohli from their designated slots failed against England and South Africa. The tinkering is not working.All bowled out It’s no secret that bowling is a huge cause of worry. The captain keeps defensive fields and allows the batsmen to milk the bowlers for easy singles. There is no pressure on the batsmen to play rash shots.The selectors are somewhat reconciled to the captain’s plan that Suresh Raina will replace Yusuf Pathan but they don’t agree with the skipper over his persistence with Chawla. The selection committee headed by Krishnamachari Srikkanth backed Ashwin right from the beginning of the World Cup and doesn’t want Chawla’s presence in the side.There are many who are wondering why Dhoni is toying with the batting order. “The middle order should definitely be more rigid because this is a crucial chunk for any team,” former Indian captain Kapil Dev told a television channel.Team insiders say Dhoni is determined to stick to his own theory on how to run India’s World Cup campaign and appears fairly confident that the boys can bounce back. Many, of course, feel the boys-as their body language suggests-will not be able to withstand the pressure. The Nagpur loss rattled the team so much that many skipped breakfast the next day. India will know if Dhoni’s boys have recovered enough to beat the West Indies on March 20 at Chennai. The venue is also home to chief selector Srikkanth and N. Srinivasan, bcci’s all-powerful secretary.