Studies carried out on a wide variety of Arctic species during the polar night reveal continued feeding, growth and reproduction, changing our view of this period from one of biological stasis to a time of continued high activity levels
The recently-formed supergroup The New Stew has been captivating audiences with their all-star tribute to the great music of Bill Withers. Comprised of greats from bands like Living Colour, The Lee Boys, The Aquarium Rescue Unit and more, the star-studded affair made its way to the Ardmore Music Hall last Friday, May 6th, bringing out some of Withers’ classics like “Use Me,” “Ain’t No Sunshine” and more.The band features a lineup of Corey Glover (Living Colour, Galactic) on vocals, Roosevelt Collier (The Lee Boys) on Lap Steel/ Pedal Steel, Yonrico Scott (Derek Trucks Band, Royal Southern Brotherhood) on percussion, Dave Yoke (Susan Tedeschi Band, Dr. John, Scrapomatic) on guitar, Jared Stone (Stone’s Stew) on drums, and Matt Slocum (Oteil and the Peacemakers, Col. Bruce Hampton & Aquarium Rescue Unit, The Lee Boys) on piano. Together, they’ve been performing Withers’ 1972 album Live At Carnegie Hall in its entirety!Check out some great footage of “Lean On Me” from the Ardmore show, courtesy of Chris Cafiero:The New Stew has three more tour dates left, including stops in DC, Asheville, and Atlanta throughout this week. Don’t miss out!The New Stew Tour Dates5/10 Tue – The Hamilton Live – Washington, DC5/11 Wed- The Orange Peel – Asheville, NC5/12 Thu – Center Stage – Atlanta, GA
An exciting tribute to one of the Grateful Dead‘s most popular albums featuring seasoned Dead musicians is coming to a city near you. LIVE DEAD ‘69, a special live tribute to The Grateful Dead‘s classic 1969 live album “Live/Dead,” kicks off their US tour this week. The skilled lineup features early Grateful Dead pianist Tom Constanten, who was the keyboard player for all of the recorded performances on Live/Dead, as well as Rat Dog/The Other Ones lead guitarist Mark Karan, Jefferson Starship/David Crosby Band guitarist Slick Aguilar, and bassist Robin Sylvester. JGB’s Pete Lavezzoli will handle drum duties for the first week of the tour (5/3 – 5/10) while Rat Dog/Electric Beethoven drummer Jay Lane will take over for the tour’s final run (5/12-5/16).The tour will make stops throughout the east coast, including in D.C., Brooklyn, Providence, Buffalo. Philly, New Haven, and Syracuse. You can watch video of LIVE DEAD ’69’s performance of “St. Stephen” > “Turn On Your Love Light” > “Death Don’t Have No Mercy” (in two parts) from their 3/18/17 performance in at Sweetwater Music Hall in Mill Valley, CA below, courtesy of YouTube user Philip Gangi: You can check out a full list of tour dates for LIVE DEAD ’69 below:LIVE DEAD 69 Tour Dates5.06.17 Salvage Station – Asheville, NC5.07.17 Lincoln Theatre – Raleigh, NC5.09.17 Bright Box – Winchester, VA5.10.17 Gypsysally’s – Washington DC5.12.17 The Hall at MP – New York, NY5.13.17 Toads Place – New Haven, CT5.14.17 The Met – Providence, RI5.16.17 The Westcott Theater – Syracuse, NY5.18.17 The Ardmore Music Hall – Ardmore, PA*5.19.17 Flying Monkey Movie House & Performance Center – Plymouth, NH*5.20.17 The Cabot – Beverly, MA** w/ The Airplane Family LIVE DEAD ‘69 is an all-star band performing the classic “Live/Dead” (recorded at various shows in 1969) in its entirety. They are the only touring entity that applies Grateful Dead’s classic zeitgeist of extemporization and interpretive improvisation beyond an ever-expanding repertoire, much of which is created entirely ‘in the moment’ – without rehearsal or traditional preparation. The players’ unique history & pedigree offers a familiarity with Grateful Dead’s halcyon material, and by their association implies an improvisational prowess beyond merely playing the songbook or re-creating old Grateful Dead shows. Rather, LIVE DEAD ‘69 is sampling the philosophy, technique & approach and crafting their own modern interpretations to great effect. To get more information about these shows, head here!
Words have power. Among the most potent words of recent years is the phrase “Black lives matter.” In July 2013, after the acquittal of the Neighborhood Watch volunteer who fatally shot Trayvon Martin, an unarmed black teenager, community organizer Alicia Garza posted a Facebook message proclaiming, “Black lives matter.”The phrase went viral via social media and spawned a movement.Harvard’s Phillips Brooks House Association (PBHA) chose Garza as the honoree of its ninth annual Robert Coles “Call of Service” Lecture and Award.Garza is co-founder of Black Lives Matter (BLM), a global network dedicated to combating “anti-black racism” as it works to facilitate connections to encourage social action and engagement. She is also an author and the special projects director for the National Domestic Workers Alliance.PBHA, a student-run, nonprofit public service organization at Harvard, named its award in honor of former PBHA volunteer Robert Coles ’50. A Pulitzer Prize-winning author, child psychiatrist, and professor emeritus at Harvard, Coles has inspired countless students to engage in community service.Garza delivered the keynote lecture Friday at the Memorial Church before an audience of 800. Joining the PBHA as co-sponsors of the event were 16 other Harvard student organizations and the Boston and Cambridge chapters of Black Lives Matter.Citing the mission of Harvard to develop citizen leaders, Rakesh Khurana, Danoff Dean of Harvard College, presented Garza with the award and praised her for fostering “a more compassionate and humane society.”Her hair in long braids and wearing jeans and boots, Garza ascended the church’s steep wooden pulpit and quickly created an intimate rapport with the audience.Smiling at Coles, who was seated in the front row, Garza said, “It is an honor to receive this award in your name and an honor to be sharing this space with you.”At times Garza’s speech moved with the cadences of a traditional African-American church sermon. She repeated stirring phrases and punctuated these refrains with a pause. The audience frequently responded with currents of snapping fingers.Garza began by dedicating the award to the BLM network and the people “still fighting for humanity and dignity” in Ferguson, Mo., Baltimore, and Cleveland, cities where police have killed black youth. Their sons “became our ancestors way too soon,” said Garza, who then recited the names of 29 victims of racial violence. She concluded her litany with a long moment of silence.Garza recalled the intense rage and grief she and her friends felt when they learned that George Zimmerman, the man who shot Trayvon Martin, had been acquitted of all charges. Garza said, “We were in shock. I felt it was necessary to make an intervention, and say that our lives do matter.”Garza described her Facebook message as “a love letter to our people” and “a call to action.”“By asserting the dignity and humanity of black lives,” said Garza, “we also acknowledge that everyone else’s life matters too.”The BLM movement is striving to create “something new,” said Garza, “a regenerative, resilient society that allows us to live complex lives and celebrate complexity rather than punishing it.”Responding to audience questions about building and sharing power, Garza said, “You can’t sit on the sidelines. Growth is hard. But focus on something bigger than yourself. Connect every day with it even if it’s not yet in front of you.”Intended to celebrate and inspire such activism, the event kicked off PBHA’s annual Alumni Weekend and Call of Service Week. This year, PBHA wraps up the week with the Nov. 6 opening of Y2Y Harvard Square, what’s being called the nation’s first student-run homeless shelter for youth.Concluding the evening with a benediction, the Kuumba Singers of Harvard College performed four spirituals, including the Civil Rights anthem, “Lift Every Voice and Sing.”
Our ability to recognize faces is a complex interplay of environment, neurobiology, and contextual cues. Now a study from Harvard Medical School suggests that country-to-country variations in sociocultural dynamics — notably the degree of gender equality in each — can yield marked differences in men’s and women’s ability to recognize famous faces.The findings, published Nov. 29 in Scientific Reports, reveal that men living in countries with high gender equality — Scandinavian and certain Northern European nations — accurately identify the faces of female celebrities nearly as well as women. Men living in countries with lower gender equality, such as India or Pakistan, fare worse than both their Scandinavian peers and women in their own country on the same task. U.S. males, the study found, fall somewhere in between, a finding that aligns closely with America’s mid-range score on the United Nations’ Gender Inequality Index.The results are based on scores from web-based facial recognition tests of nearly 3,000 participants from the U.S. and eight other countries, and suggest that sociocultural factors can shape the ability to discern individual characteristics over broad categories. They suggest that men living in countries with low gender equality are prone to cognitive “lumping” that obscures individual differences when it comes to recognizing female faces.“Our study suggests that whom we pay attention to appears to be, at least in part, fueled by our culture, and how and whom we choose to categorize varies by the sociocultural context we live in,” said study senior investigator Joseph DeGutis, Harvard Medical School assistant professor of psychiatry and a researcher at VA Boston Healthcare System.“Our findings underscore how important social and cultural factors are in shaping our cognition and in influencing whom we recognize and whom we do not,” said study first author Maruti Mishra, a research fellow in DeGutis’ lab. “Culture and society have the power to shape how we see the world.”The team’s findings showed that men living in the U.S. performed better when asked to identify famous male politicians, actors, or athletes than when they were asked to identify famous female politicians, actors, or athletes, and they fared worse than women in identifying famous female celebrities. Men from countries such as Norway, Denmark, and Finland — all of which have high levels of gender equality — performed equally well in recognizing famous male faces and famous female faces. On the other hand, men living in countries with low gender equality — India, Brazil, and Pakistan, among others — performed worse than U.S. men and worse still than Scandinavian men in identifying famous women. The study suggests that men living in countries with low gender equality are prone to cognitive “lumping” that obscures individual differences when it comes to recognizing female faces. The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. The Gender Inequality Index measures the level of a country’s gender inequality by accounting for things such as the status of women’s reproductive health, education, economic status, and participation and attainment of high-level positions in the workforce. The U.S. scored in the mid-range in 2014-2015, with a score of 0.21, compared with 0.05 for Scandinavian countries, and 0.49 for countries such as India, Pakistan or Egypt.For the study, the researchers asked nearly 2,773 adults, ages 18 to 50, to look at a series of famous faces online and identify them. Participants included 2,295 U.S. men and women; 203 men and women from Denmark, the Netherlands, Finland, and Norway; and 275 men and women from India, Egypt, Brazil, Pakistan, and Indonesia. The celebrity faces were almost exclusively those of U.S. politicians, actors, athletes, and performers. To ensure that U.S. participants didn’t have an unfair advantage over their foreign peers, the researchers only analyzed results from international participants who had indicated they were familiar with or had seen the celebrities’ faces before.Overall, male celebrity faces were recognized with 8 percent greater accuracy than female celebrity faces by both men and women, regardless of where they lived. The one notable exception was women from countries with lower gender equality, who performed better at identifying female celebrities than at identifying male celebrities.But the truly intriguing differences emerged when researchers analyzed each gender’s accuracy in recognizing famous female celebrities.In the U.S. sample, female participants had, on average, 7 percent higher scores than their male counterparts in recognizing the faces of famous women. Gender differences were also pronounced among participants from Pakistan, India, Brazil and Egypt. In those countries, women scored on average 10 percent higher on female celebrity recognition than men. In contrast, among participants from the Netherlands, Norway, Finland, and Denmark, test score differences in recognizing famous women’s faces were minuscule, less than 2 percent.The researchers say the pronounced own-gender bias among males is a variation of other forms of perceptual bias that have been documented in past research. For example, research shows that people tend to overlook interpersonal variations in the faces of people from races other than their own — the so-called “other race” effect. Another manifestation of this is the bias toward noticing interpersonal variations in individuals who are higher on the workplace hierarchy but obscuring interpersonal differences among those who rank lower on totem pole. The classic example is forgetting the name or other individual characteristics of a lower-rung coworker or intern, but remembering the name or distinguishing characteristics of someone higher up.“All these biases stem from a tendency to categorize rather than individualize,” DeGutis said.Self-awareness is the first step to combating own-gender bias, the researchers said. Previous research suggests that practicing individualizing members of other races rather than lumping them into categories can seriously mitigate the other-race effect.“Own-gender bias is a form of unconscious bias,” DeGutis said. “But by becoming aware of it, we can overcome it or at least minimize it.” The researchers acknowledge the study has a few limitations, including the use of binary gender designations rather than a continuous gender spectrum.Co-investigators included Jirapat Likitlersuang, Jeremy Wilmer, Sarah Cohan, and Laura Germine.The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health’s National Eye Institute (grant R01EY026057).
JOHANNESBURG (AP) — South Africa gave a hero’s welcome to the delivery of its first COVID-19 vaccines, a million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine produced by the Serum Institute of India. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa greeted the crates of the vaccine Monday at Johannesburg’s O.R. Tambo International Airport. The shipment will be followed up later this month by another 500,000 doses. The AstraZeneca vaccines will be used to inoculate South Africa’s front-line health workers, which will be the start of the country’s vaccination campaign. A vaccine expert says the vaccine will be effective at preventing severe disease and death from the variant that has become dominant in South Africa.
“Most people in the community thought I was crazy for going into such a dilapidated slum area to do anything like this,” he told Mississippi Public Broadcasting in 2013.Over the years he added small cottages — 300 to 500 square feet, aimed at students — and assorted other residential units, as well as stores, restaurants, bars and public spaces, all of it on narrow streets that encouraged foot traffic and a communal feel. The district was built on the principles of the 1980s movement known as New Urbanism but came into being well before that term had been coined.“Mayor Camp talked about walkability and mixed-use development before it was cool,” Parker Wiseman, his successor as mayor, said on Twitter. “He didn’t just talk about it. He built it.” After that, Mr. Roy said, Mr. Camp kept giving him commissions just to support his art.“At any given time he might also be patron to a writer, a sculptor, a wild impressionist, a barefoot juggler, a lost intellectual or an ethically sourced hippie apparel shop,” he said. “He wanted a carousel of creatives in the neighborhood by design.”In addition to his son Robert, Mr. Camp is survived by his wife, Gemma, whom he married in 1981; another son, Frederick, known as Bonn; and two granddaughters. In 1969, Mr. Camp started buying property in that area and creating an eclectic oasis of tightly packed housing and businesses that has been drawing admiration from urban planners ever since. The Cotton District is now one of the most desirable addresses in Starkville, especially for students, a pedestrian-friendly, architecturally varied neighborhood of cottages, duplexes, apartments, street-level shops, courtyards and fountains. – Advertisement – Mr. Camp, who served a term as Starkville mayor from 2005 to 2009, died on Oct. 25 in Meridian, Miss. He was 79. His son Robert said the cause was complications of Covid-19.Robert Daniel Camp was born on April 13, 1941, in Baton Rouge, La., and raised in Tupelo, Miss. His father, Dewey, was a band director, and his mother, Opal Quay (Webb) Camp, was an educator who, the family said, was Elvis Presley’s sixth-grade home room teacher.Mr. Camp graduated from Tupelo High School in 1959, earned a bachelor’s degree in education at Mississippi State in 1963 and received at master’s degree in education at North Carolina State in 1967 before returning to Starkville. He started the Cotton District reinvention with eight small townhouses. – Advertisement – This obituary is part of a series about people who have died in the coronavirus pandemic. Read about others here.When Dan Camp was in graduate school at North Carolina State University in Raleigh in the mid-1960s, a historic building caught his eye. It was a cottage where, at least according to local lore, President Andrew Johnson was born. What struck Mr. Camp was that a relatively compact space could be a perfectly adequate dwelling.- Advertisement – “I suspected that most Americans lived in that type of environment then,” he told Mississippi Magazine in 2001, “so I came home with the idea that those types of dwellings would be an excellent way to build things and offer them to students.”Back home in Mississippi, he settled in Starkville, about 125 miles northeast of Jackson, and became intrigued with the possibilities of a run-down area between the campus of Mississippi State University, where he was teaching in the industrial education department, and the downtown section that became known as the Cotton District, because of the mill that once thrived there. The mill had shut down in 1964, and the nearby millworker housing had deteriorated. “He hired me to paint a mural on his office about 10 minutes after meeting me in early 2014,” Mr. Roy said. “This was in spite of me having no paid experience, no knowledge of how to run a scissor lift and no proper sketch. He liked that the old folks across town hated my work.” – Advertisement –
Feb 13, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – A team of researchers has achieved what has been until now a frustratingly elusive goal: a tissue-culture model that allows natural growth in the lab of norovirus, one of the most common and least understood causes of gastrointestinal illness worldwide.Though it causes up to 23 million cases of illness each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), surprisingly little is known about how the virus attaches to and replicates within cells. The new work by Timothy Straub of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and collaborators from Tulane University, the University of Arizona, and Arizona State University should change that: They produced a three-dimensional culture of multiple cell types that mimics the epithelium of the human small intestine, and induced norovirus samples isolated from patients to grow and replicate in it.”This is an important result,” said Craig Hedberg, PhD, associate professor of environmental health sciences at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health. “Up until this point, we have never had a direct measure that would allow us to know how effective any of our environmental prevention measures are against norovirus. There have been a lot of studies looking at things that might be able to kill norovirus and render foods and environmental surfaces safe from contamination, but they have always used surrogates.”Norovirus has been a difficult organism to study because, like other viruses but unlike bacteria, it will not reproduce in a simple growth medium. Instead, it requires a tissue culture resembling cells in the organisms it infects.That lack of a lab model for studying the virus has kept testing protocols, effective sanitizing and control measures, and even newer diagnostic tests out of reach. Those are important because norovirus causes such a high disease burden: It is thought to be responsible for at least half of all foodborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis every year, according to the CDC.”Nobody knows what the incidence of this disease is in the population because it is not easy to diagnose—it is just one of the range of ‘stomach flus’ that people get,” said David Ozonoff, PhD, emeritus chair of the department of environmental health at Boston University School of Public Health. “But it causes very substantial economic loss, because so many people stay home from work because they are sick or their kids are.”To create the model, Straub and collaborators grew human intestinal epithelial cells on collagen-coated microbeads that were tumbled in a rotating reactor vessel. They used the resulting tissues for five passages of two genotypes of norovirus that were originally isolated from patients during outbreaks on a cruise ship and in a nursing home, and proved the presence of norovirus by multiple assays following each passage.The work, which will be published in the March edition of Emerging Infectious Diseases and was posted online ahead of print, represents the first lab model of human norovirus infection; previous models used mouse noroviruses or a related feline virus. Scientists not involved in the research said it could point the way to a better understanding of an under-appreciated pathogen.The authors write that developing a method for culturing human norovirus in the lab was a necessary first step in the effort to understand the virus’s pathogenesis. In future research with the model, they hope to identify protective immune responses and learn more about how the virus replicates, with the aim of devising better prevention measures.Norovirus spreads through the fecal-oral route, via both food and water, but there are also indications that it can spread via environmental contamination and direct person-to-person transmission, according to the CDC.It is fiercely contagious: Ingesting as few as 10 virus particles can cause infection, and infected persons can shed virus for up to two weeks after symptoms end, the CDC says. The illness is miserable, with nausea, diarrhea and vomiting multiple times per day. Symptoms usually last from 24 to 60 hours.”Beyond the nuisance value to the individual, it is such a widespread illness and so persistent in institutional settings where you’re dealing with immune-compromised populations that it becomes an important public health problem,” Hedberg said.The CDC does not conduct routine surveillance for norovirus, so there is no way to confirm how commonly the bug occurs. So far this year, however, large outbreaks have been reported at the Scripps Research Institute in California, at Radford University in Virginia, among customers of a south Florida restaurant, in hospitals in Saskatchewan, Massachusetts, and North Carolina, and among hundreds of passengers on the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth 2.The Hilton Hotel near Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C. was hit so hard in mid-January, with 120 guests and staff sick, that it was forced to close for a floor-to-ceiling sanitizing. Some norovirus outbreaks, such as on cruise ships, have recurred despite repeated rounds of aggressive cleaning.Straub TM, zu Bentrup KH, Coghlan PO, et al. In vitro cell culture infectivity assay for human noroviruses. Emerg Infect Dis 2007 Mar; 13(3) (early online publication) [Full text]See also:CDC information on norovirushttp://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/gastro/norovirus-factsheet.htm
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Expanded testingHealth officials predict the number of confirmed cases is certain to rise as testing capacity expands, and the true scale of the outbreak comes into sharper relief. Washington state plans to increase testing from about 200 samples a day now to an expected volume of more than 1,000 a day.Doctors have found that patients most severely stricken by the virus are those with immune systems weakened from advanced age or underlying chronic health conditions, Duchin said.The vast majority of infected individuals are believed to suffer relatively minor flu-like illness. Many such cases have likely gone undetected because initial testing efforts, constrained by a limited supply of resources, were reserved for the few who were severely ill, he said.So the patients who end up hospitalized or dead probably represent “the tip of the iceberg,” Duchin said.King County Executive Dow Constantine said he has ordered the purchase of a motel and the placement of modular housing units on public property throughout the county to provide temporary, quarters for homeless people who become ill – but not so sick that they require hospitalization.”We want to make sure that hospital capacity isn’t being taken for people who need only to be in isolation and in recovery,” he said. “We need the hospital capacity for people who need to be in treatment now.”Seattle has one of the largest concentrations of unhoused people of any major metropolitan area in the country.Beyond such contingencies, public health officials are starting to contemplate possible “community mitigation” measures, such as school closures or cancellation of public events.”We want to make sure that what we do is reasonable, that it’s something that’s acceptable to the public … that the timing and duration are right, and all of this in the face of tremendous uncertainty,” Duchin said.As of Monday, there have been more than 89,000 cases of the virus globally, the majority in China, according to a Reuters tally. Outside China, it has spread to 66 countries, with more than 8,800 cases and 130 deaths. Globally, the illness has killed more than 3,000 people.The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists more than 90 cases across the United States, a large bulk of them patients who were repatriated from the Diamond Princess cruise liner that had been quarantined in Japan. Topics : Seattle-area health officials confronting the nation’s first community coronavirus outbreak are planning new containment measures, ranging from possible school closings to temporary quarantine housing for mildly ill homeless patients.The shift in strategy, with an emphasis on enlisting the public at large to take a more active role in curtailing the spread of the virus, came as health authorities announced on Monday that 18 Washington state residents had tested positive, including six who died.”We’re pivoting to a more community-based approach, very similar to what we use for influenza epidemics, where we give people, and schools and businesses good advice on how they can reduce their risks,” Dr. Jeff Duchin, health officer for Seattle and King County’s public health agency, told reporters. The Seattle-area deaths marked the first fatalities documented in the United States from a respiratory disease that has killed more than 3,000 people worldwide – the bulk of them in China – since it emerged there in December.All of Washington’s cases are clustered in two counties in the greater Seattle area, making it the largest concentration detected to date by the US public health system. Eight of those cases, and four of the deaths, were linked to a nursing care facility in the Seattle suburb of Kirkland, officials said.With the virus now believed to be present in at least four separate communities in the Pacific Northwest – two in northern California, one in Oregon and the Washington outbreak – authorities are having to go well beyond the quarantine of infected travelers and tracing of close contacts that has defined the response.”We’re going to be shifting our approach from counting every case to focusing on outbreaks, perhaps cases that occur in hospitals, and won’t be able to do the kind of individual case follow-up and case management that we’re doing early on during this so-called containment phase of the epidemic,” Duchin said.