Commentary: End of coal era in India coming sooner than many think

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Asia Times:On Tuesday last week, Tony Abbott, Australia’s ex-prime minister, was photographed in parliament clutching a document entitled, the “Coal era is not over.”In India, which until recently had the world’s second-largest coal pipeline, two seismic events have signaled the contrary to be true.According to Australia’s pro-coal “Monash Forum” parliamentarians, of which Abbott is a founding member, India is ensuring a rosy future for coal exporters such as Australia due to its plans to construct 116 new power stations, or around 88 GW. Ironically, on the same day the Forum’s “fact sheets” were released, NTPC, the largest owner and developer of domestic coal plants in India, shelved its 4 GW Pudimadaka Ultra-Mega Power Plant, due to be built in the state of Andhra Pradesh.This decision to cancel the largest new coal-fired power station planned in India is another step in the country’s remarkable Indian energy transition. Since the start of 2010, as a result of shelved and cancelled projects, India’s coal plant pipeline has shrunk by a staggering 547 GW. To give this some perspective, that is almost three times the total installed capacity of Germany.Today, 88GW–or rather 84GW–are still reported to be “progressing” through approval processes. Though given current trends, this more accurately translates as “yet to be formally cancelled or put into administration.”In fact, of the remaining pipeline, the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) estimates no more than 10-20 GW might actually see the light of day. That means more than 84% of India’s 2010 coal pipeline will have been cancelled. What’s more, if India’s 2018 National Energy Plan forecast of 48GW of end-of-life coal plant closures by 2027 occurs, India is rapidly approaching peak thermal coal.Coal will not be gone in a decade, but the era will end sooner than many expect.More: India is bringing the coal era to an end Commentary: End of coal era in India coming sooner than many thinklast_img read more

Menstrual cycle ‘affects asthma’

first_img Share Tweet Share 12 Views   no discussions Sharecenter_img HealthLifestyle Menstrual cycle ‘affects asthma’ by: – November 10, 2012 Sharing is caring! Period pain is not the only symptom linked to a woman’s menstrual cycle, the study suggestsA woman’s menstrual cycle affects the severity of respiratory symptoms, potentially worsening conditions such as asthma, a study suggests.Norwegian researchers studied almost 4,000 women, and found worse symptoms around ovulation.Writing in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, they said it may be possible to adapt women’s medication.Asthma UK said it could help women with asthma manage their condition better.All the women studied had regular menstrual cycles lasting 28 days or less, and none were taking hormonal contraceptives.Of those studied, 28.5% were smokers and 8% had been diagnosed with asthma.Wheezing symptoms were worse between days 10 to 22 of cycles, with a slight dip near the point of ovulation for most.Shortness of breath was worse on days seven to 21, again with a slight fall around ovulation.The study found it was not just women diagnosed with asthma who experienced these symptoms and variations.Coughing was worse following ovulation for those with asthma, those who were overweight and smokers.‘Pronounced’ variationsWhen an individual woman has her period is determined by complex hormonal processes over the course of her cycle.Throughout, levels of different hormones rise and fall – and body temperature rises around ovulation.The researchers suggest that these fluctuations may have direct effects on airways. and indirect effects on inflammatory responses to infection.Writing in the journal, the researchers led by Dr Ferenc Macsali, of the Haukeland University Hospital in Bergen, Norway, said: “We found that respiratory symptoms varied significantly during the menstrual cycle.“There were large changes in symptom incidence through the cycle for all symptoms.”They also found “pronounced” symptom variations during the menstrual cycle in women with asthma, and say the findings suggest women might need tailored medication regimes.“Adjustment of asthma medication to the menstrual cycle may potentially improve the efficacy of asthma treatment and reduce disability and health costs related to asthma in women.”TriggersDr Macsali added: “Our results point to the potential for individualising therapy for respiratory diseases according to individual symptom patterns.“Adjusting asthma medication, for example, according to a woman’s menstrual cycle might improve its efficacy and help reduce disability and the costs of care.”Dr Samantha Walker, of Asthma UK, said: “This research is really interesting, and could help women with asthma to manage their condition better. “Asthma can be triggered by many different things, and this varies from person to person – but we always encourage people with asthma to be aware of things that trigger their symptoms so that they can take steps to control them. “If women with asthma notice that their symptoms are worsening at key times of the month then they can take preventive measures such as having inhalers that are within date, working and contain enough doses of medicine to see them through the times when they are most affected.”BBC Newslast_img read more