Cannabis is inherently intertwined with Black history, and it is imperative to reopen up spaces within the industry, our mainstream culture and society for Black creatives and entrepreneurs to grow and reclaim what was denied and stolen from them. You can’t talk about mainstream American popular culture without discussing the appropriation of Black popular culture into the hegemony. It is well-known that the former wouldn’t exist if not for the blueprint of the latter. (Mya Davis | Daily Trojan) Newcomers like Hope Wiseman, the youngest Black dispensary owner at 25, continue this trend, as do Dasheeda “The WeedHead” Dawson and Mary Pryor, two prominent Black female cannabis entrepreneurs and advocates. Pryor, who created the education firm Cannaclusive with two other women of color, hopes to address the lack of diversity within the burgeoning industry. Weed’s history is inextricably linked to a complex, multi-faceted relationship with race, slavery, colonization and criminalization. While the plant is believed to have originated in Central Asia in 500 B.C., it was later spread to the Middle East and the Americas through trade and imperialism. Cannabis was used to placate slaves and was also the basis for hemp plantations in the American colonies. While his cannabis use was debated and rumored for the majority of his career, Armstrong eventually opened up about his love affair with weed to biographer Max Jones near the end of his life, explaining that he had to give it up as the Prohibition Era dawned. Natalie Oganesyan is a junior writing about weed culture and politics. She is also the Associate Managing Editor at the Daily Trojan. Her column, “To Be Blunt,” runs every other Friday. Louis Armstrong, arguably the most famous jazz musician of all time, was a well-known viper, the name given to jazz musicians who smoked cannabis (after the hissing sound produced while inhaling smoke). Armstrong first tried cannabis — which he called “the gage” as was commonplace slang at the time — in the 1920s and used the substance throughout his career, before performances and recordings. Armstrong was an ardent supporter of cannabis’s medicinal and recreational benefits and was once jailed for nine days in Downtown Los Angeles City Jail after detectives caught him smoking at a parking garage (times haven’t changed much, huh?). There’s even a legend that then-Vice President Richard Nixon accidentally smuggled cannabis into the U.S. for Armstrong after saying he didn’t have to go through customs (look it up, it’s hilarious). Black activists have historically been at the forefront of cannabis culture and the pot revolution, as evidenced by Armstrong and other jazz vipers. Now, the mantle has been passed to influential cannabis industry figures like Snoop Dogg, Wiz Khalifa and Whoopi Goldberg, who work to empower their communities through weed entrepreneurship. Cannabis helped the Jazz Age flourish, serving as a conduit for creativity, music production and performance. The 1920-30s saw the beginnings of cannabis slang and cultural development, specifically in Black communities. Joints were sold outside tea pads or cannabis bars. Musicians would light up on tea, reefer, grass — codes for cannabis, since the drug was vilified nationally and on the cusp of criminalization — singing tributes to the substance. Known for its time-slowing effects, cannabis changed jazz musicians’ perception of their own performances, lowering their inhibitions and allowing them to experiment creatively — playing with beats, sounds and rhythm. Jazz, then, quickly became the hallmark of infectious, dance-inducing and joy-filling music. Breaking barriers during the Jim Crow Era, Armstrong heavily influenced popular culture for decades to come. While politicians demonized cannabis and jazz, which they called “Satanic” — and by association its musicians — Armstrong’s music dominated common American household radios. Music psychologist Daniel Levitin wrote in his book “The World in Six Songs” that tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis, disrupts short-term memory and enables musicians to be fully in the moment, allowing them to connect with their music and zero in on each note they play. Cannabis and its use, like most cultural phenomena, became popularized in America by immigrants of color in enclaves, predominantly people from the Caribbean who settled in New Orleans and people fleeing from the Mexican Revolution. First imposed on Black communities in the Caribbean, namely Jamaica, cannabis was soon adopted recreationally, becoming a cultural and religious staple. Then, with the arrival of Jamaican immigrants in the early 20th century and the creation of distinct cultural districts like Storyville in New Orleans, jazz was born. So as you enjoy cannabis today and for many days to come, recognize that cannabis has been wielded as a weapon against Black and brown communities — first as a tool for enslavement, later as a method of criminalization and now as a means of disenfranchisement, gentrification and cultural appropriation. Jazz musician Cab Calloway, who regularly frequented New York City’s famous Cotton Club, sang many odes to cannabis, including “Reefer Man,” which includes lines like “If he trades you dimes for nickels / And calls watermelons pickles / Then you know you’re talking to the reefer man.” Blues singer Trixie Smith recorded the iconic cannabis tribute “Jack, I’m Mellow,” which is featured as the intro song on the since-canceled Netflix show “Disjointed.” Jazz musician Louis Armstrong used cannabis frequently before performances and recordings to enhance his connection to the individual notes of his music. (Photo from Wikimedia Commons)
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Pair of the Week – Brooke Adkisson – So. – San Antonio, Texas \ Giuliana Poletti-Corrales – Fr. – Asuncion, ParaguayAgainst nationally ranked Tulane, the duo faltered in the first set but bounced back in the final two sets 21-15 and 15-8 for the deciding poing in the 3-2 team win. Adkisson and Poletti-Corrales carried that momentum through the weekend, winning their other three matches in straight sets. After edging their UNO counterparts 22-20 to seal a win on Saturday, the Islander pair didn’t allow more than 13 points in a set across both of Sunday’s victories. FRISCO, Texas – Texas A&M-Corpus Christi’s Brooke Adkisson and Giuliana Poletti-Corrales are the Southland Conference Beach Volleyball Pair of the Week, the league announced Tuesday. The twosome were a perfect 4-0 at the UNO Invitational, helping the Islanders to the same mark over the weekend. A&M-Corpus Christi opened the weekend with a 3-2 win over No. 20 Tulane and posted the same outcome against tournament host New Orleans. The Islanders wrapped up the weekend by blanking conference foes Nicholls and Southeastern Louisiana 5-0 each on Sunday. Honorable Mention: None. A&M-Corpus Christi (5-3) looks to keep its five-match win streak alive at the Southland Showcase, hosted by Houston Baptist on Saturday and Sunday. The Islanders face Central Arkansas and Stephen F. Austin on Saturday before taking on Abilene Christian and Houston Baptist on Sunday. Southland weekly award winners are nominated and voted upon by each school’s sports information director. Voting for one’s own athlete is not permitted. To earn honorable mention, a student-athlete must appear on 25 percent of ballots.
1. Best cafe: Good Life Eco-Cafe & Bar Tucked on the (quiet) side of a car park in Rockley, Good Life doesn’t have the most salubrious of settings. But your insides will thank you for a visit. This vegan cafe, run by a lacto-averse naturopath, specialises in (mostly local) food that’s both healthy and creative; Asian fusion salads, chicken wraps and shakes with names like Fat Burner and Green Goodness. The ethos is green too, from the ingredient sourcing to the eco-friendly napkins, and there’s an emphasis on local talent, with live Bajan music a regular fixture.https://instagram.com/p/xHSglqP63B/2. Best attraction St. Nicholas AbbeyThis graceful old plantation, ripe with hibiscus and mahogany trees and centred on a Jacobean house, has been growing sugar since the 17th century. Indeed, visit St Nicholas Abbey and you might still chance upon workers pressing the cane to extract its juice. There’s an opportunity to taste the resulting rum, which is distilled on site in small batches, using traditional methods.https://instagram.com/p/yUV1Kbk2j4/3. Outdoor adventure: Hunte’s GardensThis place is a hole. Literally. Native Bajan, Anthony Hunte has turned a 50m deep sinkhole into a horticultural colosseum, an arena alive with heliconias and ginger lilies, aralias and impatiens, breadfruit and taro. Constantly changing mini gardens, variously planned for colours, scents or seasons, lurk off the main path, benches hide amid the foliage, birdsong sweetens the air. A little hollow of heaven. https://instagram.com/p/x5o__ciNem/4. Best restaurant: Camelot, Cobbler’s Cove RestaurantBarbados-born, Michael Harrison worked under Michel Roux Jr. at Le Gavroche, as well as other prestigious kitchens, before returning home to take the helm at Camelot. In 2014 it won Restaurant of the Year at the Barbados Hotel & Tourism Association Awards, thanks to Harrison’s culinary creativity. The menu uses the best Bajan ingredients and aims to offer a taste tour of the island. Harrison’s personal pick? The sautéed flying fish in ginger and white wine – a contemporary take on the national fish. https://instagram.com/p/xcvYYegByR/5. Best cultural activity: Eco Adventures Walks with BajansEco Adventures Walks with Bajans seeks to cure tourists blinded by all that white sand. Guided strolls with local people, up Chalky Mountain, via Rastafarian smallholdings, amid the chattel houses of Bathsheba, around historic Bridgetown, reveal a less brochure-manicured Barbados. Look out for the odd artisanal potter, bearded fig and green monkey. https://instagram.com/p/1_Hc88FU9S/6. Best market: Holders Farmers MarketFresh mangoes, garlic pickle, frozen fruit popsicles, ‘woodalion’ necklaces, woven bags, gourmet cheese, Brit-style bangers, natural massage oils and old-fashioned hot sauce; the weekly Holders Farmers Market, held every Sunday, is the place to pick up organic, 100% Bajan produce. When you’re done with your shopping, loll on the grass with a cold Banks beer listening to local tunes. https://instagram.com/p/tOpBpkQYa1/7. Best place to party: Crop OverA little like Rio Carnival, but stretched out over three, sweet months from late May to August, Crop Over celebrates the culmination of the sugar harvest, but it’s also an excuse for a crescendo-building party-a-thon. The season starts with the Cavalcade concerts and finishes with the Grand Kadooment parade, when revellers process from Bridgetown’s National Stadium to Spring Garden amid a cacophony of calypso. Don’t forget your feathers and finery. Looking for more opportunities to let your hair down? Check out these 15 of the world’s best carnivals.https://instagram.com/p/vpYFp4pPvx/8. Best for entertainment: Globe Drive-InThere’s something so American-teen-dreamy about going to a drive-in, especially when rolling down the car window admits a balmy Caribbean breeze. Barbados’s Globe Drive-In shows all the big movies on an alfresco screen in Christ Church. What makes it distinctly Bajan are the rotis and fishballs on sale by the popcorn, and the audience interaction: expect enthusiastic horn blasting at a movie’s best bits.https://instagram.com/p/1bn4K_vybE/Think Barbados is out of your holiday budget? Think again… Here’s our guide on how to holiday in Barbados on a sensible budget.Still not convinced that the Caribbean is an absolute paradise? Let us show you…** 9 best things to do in Jamaica**Jamaica is the Caribbean turned up to 11, from the beaches to the food to the reggae.Top 9 things to do in St LuciaTruly a taste of paradise: St Lucia is as scrumptious as the spoils of its cocoa plantations.Hotels in BarbadosSkyscanner is the world’s travel search engine, helping your money go further on flights, hotels and car hire._ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepart14/08/2019Return21/08/2019Cabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Map Related10 best things to do in BristolBuzzing Bristol is independent of spirit, creative in vibe, green in thinking and, well, just plain cool.Essential guide to 10 of the best Caribbean islandsConsidering a holiday to the paradise islands of the Caribbean? Planning a Caribbean cruise and trying to decide which beaches to hit? Whether you’re booking a family holiday, searching for a dream honeymoon or just wanting sand, sea and rum cocktails, here’s an essential guide to 10 of the best…Travel Trends: Where to go on holiday in 2017We’ve gathered the latest travel insights to bring you the top holiday destinations for 2017 to add to your bucket list this year.
This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription. Obama Plan For Medicare, Social Security Draws Ire From Liberal Groups McClatchy: Obama’s Bid To Squeeze Social Security Enrages His Core BackersLiberal groups angered by President Barack Obama’s proposed Social Security cuts say they’ll take a page from conservatives’ campaign playbook and work to oust Democratic lawmakers who go along with the plan. … As part of his budget plan now before Congress, Obama wants to slow the inflation calculator for Social Security benefits and payments to some military veterans, their survivors and college students. He’s also asking affluent Americans to pay higher Medicare premiums (Rosen, 5/2).