Ancient bacteria found in hunter-gatherer guts

first_imgEat like a hunter-gatherer and you’ll be healthier—so goes the thinking behind so-called paleo diets. But a new study suggests that humans who live in industrialized societies don’t have the guts to stomach a real hunter-gatherer diet. Compared with hunter-gatherers, industrialized peoples’ intestines have fewer kinds of microbes—and are missing at least one major group of ancient bacteria. Yet even with all of these extra microbes, hunter-gatherers have fewer gut ailments, such as Crohn’s disease, colitis, and colon cancer.Our bodies are home to trillions of bacteria—collectively known as the microbiome—but it’s unclear how our diet impacts the composition of these tiny organisms. Some studies have detected differences in the types of gut bacteria in obese and thin people, for example, while others have shown that hunter-gatherers harbor more diverse gut bacteria than do people in the industrialized world—a difference that may protect preagricultural communities from Crohn’s disease and colon cancer.In a new study published online today in Nature Communications, an international team of researchers offers the first comprehensive look at the full-scale diversity of gut microbes in one group of hunter-gatherers and how the bacteria unique to them might function in their guts and affect their health. Anthropologist Cecil Lewis of the University of Oklahoma in Norman and his colleagues set out to detect differences in the core gut bacteria in hunter-gatherers and farmers in Peru, and compared them with residents of Norman. The researchers traveled by canoe upriver into the Amazon to study the diet and health of the Matses community, who are among the last hunter-gatherers in the world; they still hunt monkey, sloth, alligator, and other game, as well as gather wild tubers in the forest and fish in the rivers.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Getting “informed consent” from the Matses to gather their fecal samples, which are the best source of bacteria from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, was a challenge, Lewis says, so the anthropologists gave the Matses a crash course in bacterial biology by showing them gut microbes under microscope. Once they explained that the gut bacteria lived inside them and could affect their health, one Matses man asked if the gut bacteria were the reason he couldn’t drink milk anymore, even though he could as a child. (The answer is yes, in part, because gut bacteria influence how much gas is produced by people who are lactose intolerant.) The researcher collected samples from 25 Matses and also from 31 Tunapuco, a traditional community of potato farmers from the Andean highlands who also eat guinea pig, pork, lamb, and some cheese from cows. They also collected feces from 23 people living in Norman, mostly academics who eat processed foods, including canned fruits and vegetables and prepackaged meals, as well as meat and dairy products such as milk and cheese.Back in the lab in Norman, Lewis and his colleagues used state-of-the-art gene sequencing methods that allowed them to get long segments of the gene that is used as the standard for classification and identification of microbes, because it differs in various bacteria. They found that the hunter-gatherers’ and farmers’ gut bacteria were far more diverse than those in the people from Norman. The traditional groups have the most diversity in their microbiomes, including new types of bacteria that have yet to be named and several different strains of Treponema, spirochete bacteria that are usually absent in Western industrialized populations. There are strains of Treponema that cause disease, such as syphilis, but the strains found in the traditional people are more closely related to nonpathogenic strains in other mammals, such as pigs.The detection of several strains of Treponema in the Matses suggests this type of bacteria has been present in human guts for a long time, because it was also found in the GI tracts of the Hadza hunter-gatherers in Tanzania and in nonhuman primates. “Suddenly a picture is emerging that Treponema was part of core ancestral biome,” says co-author Christina Warinner, an anthropologist at the University of Oklahoma. “What’s really striking is it is absolutely absent, not detectable in industrialized human populations.”The team’s study also analyzed the function of the gut bacteria and found that the Treponema species in the Matses are most like those in the guts of pigs. There, the microbes play a role in digesting carbohydrates, or sugars. This suggests that the existence of Treponema “is likely a good indicator of a general high level of microbial diversity in the human gut,” says evolutionary anthropologist Stephanie Schnorr of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. “Now it seems clear that their function is related to helping metabolize carbohydrates, and this can have a number of benefits and implications for host health.”The key question now is does the absence of Treponema leave industrialized humans without a valuable player in the metabolism of their food—and the prevention of autoimmune disorders, such as Crohn’s and colitis, for example? “What’s starting to come into focus is that having a diverse gut microbiome is critical to maintaining versatility and resiliency in the gut,” Warinner says. “Once you start to lose the diversity, it may be a risk factor of inflammation and other problems.” And trying to eat like our ancestors may not be enough to get the benefits of a true paleo diet and lifestyle. “So even if you could mimic a true paleo diet, you are still missing ancestral gut bacteria that were involved in food digestion in the paleo gut,” Lewis says.last_img read more

Olympic tennis: Swiss Roger Federer beats Julien Benneteau of France, moves into third round

first_imgSwiss Roger Federer Monday kept on course for adding the Olympic title to his Wimbledon crown, beating Julien Benneteau of France in straight sets in the second round of the men’s singles tennis competitions at the All England Club.The World No.1 swept past his 32nd-ranked opponent 6-2, 6-2 in an hour and will now play either Luxembourg’s Gilles Muller or Uzbekistan’s Denis Istomin.Elsewhere in the draw, world No.2 Novak Djokovic will meet former US Open champion Andy Roddick in the second round of the Olympic tennis tournament after the American beat Slovakia’s Martin Klizan Monday.Roddick forced his way past Klizan 7-5, 6-4 thanks to late breaks in both sets as the Slovak, ranked 52nd in the world, put up stiff resistance.”It was good. I got myself a couple of great points and only a couple of breaks, but I served pretty well and got through,” Roddick said.The Olympic tennis is being played at Wimbledon, where Djokovic won last year and Roddick has reached the final three times, most recently in 2009.Argentinian World No.10 Juan Monaco booked his place in the second round by beating Belgium’s David Goffin 6-4, 6-1 and will now play Feliciano Lopez of Spain in the second round after he beat Russia’s Dmitry Tursunov 6-7, 6-2, 9-7.Croatia’s 13th seed Marin Cilic will face 2002 Wimbledon champion Lleyton Hewitt in the second round after beating Austria’s Jurgen Melzer 7-6(5), 6-2.”It was not as comfortable as I thought it was going to be,” Cilic said.”In the first set I had a break and then I thought I’m going to get that first set done but Jurgen played really well at the end of the first set and made me a little uncomfortable on the court.”Elsewhere in the draw, France’s World No.20 Richard Gasquet beat 33rd-ranked Robin Haas of the Netherlands 6-3, 6-3 while there was also a win for Canada’s Milos Raonic.advertisementlast_img read more

Starting the year right

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. MPD: Suspects in Binondo bank heist named; have links to ‘Parojinog group’ PLAY LIST 02:41MPD: Suspects in Binondo bank heist named; have links to ‘Parojinog group’00:50Trending Articles07:50BYS Academy: Create a Fall Glam Makeup Look02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? Nietes, humble legend, now a proud star! Gonzalez is another big fish with a record of 47-2 with 39 stoppages. The Nicaraguan, known for his ferocious style, is the first boxer to win world titles in all four of the lowest weight classes—minimumweight, light flyweight, flyweight and super flyweight.Strangely, Nietes didn’t holler the name of compatriot Jerwin Ancajas (30-1-2 with 20 KOs).Both Nietes and Ancajas faced fellow Filipinos in 2018, with the former drawing Aston Palicte last September in California, and the latter decisioning Jonas Sultan last May, also in the United States.ADVERTISEMENT BREAKING: Corrections officer shot dead in front of Bilibid Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening After lording it over in the minor league, Nietes is hoping to tangle with the likes of Sirisaket Sor Rungvisai, Juan Francisco Estrada and Roman Gonzalez, all A-listers in lower weight divisions and who command big-money fights.But first, the new World Boxing Organization (WBO) super flyweight boss has to consider weapons in his arsenal.At 42-1-5 with 23 knockouts, Nietes is not considered a made-for-TV boxer because of his plain, highly technical style.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionRungvisai, the Thai two-time WBC super flyweight champ (47-4-1 with 41 KOs), is a highly entertaining fighter and is the lineal champ in the division, having defeated top guy Estrada in February 2018 in California.The Mexican Estrada (38-3 with 26 KOs) is former unified flyweight champion and is also a marquee boxer because of his flashy style. Among his Filipino victims are Brian Viloria and Milan Melindo.center_img MOST READ SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue View comments Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Donnie Nietes of Philippines (C) celebrates his victory over Kazuto Ioka of Japan during their WBO super flyweight championship boxing bout in Macau on December 31, 2018. AFPDonnie Nietes is finally ready for the big stage.Immediately after scoring a split decision victory over Japanese fighter Kazuto Ioka on Monday, New Year’s Eve, for his fourth weight division title, the 36-year-old Filipino called out the top dogs of the junior bantamweight class.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIESlast_img read more

Wuhan Open: Sania-Barbora advance to the third round

first_imgIndian star Sania Mirza and her doubles partner Barbora Strycova defeated Gabriela Dabrowski and Maria Jose Martinez Sanchez over three hard fought sets to enter the third round of the Wuhan Open tennis tournament here on Tuesday.The Indo-Czech combination defeated their Canadian-Spanish opponents 3-6, 6-3, 10-5 in the second round encounter.Sania paired up with Strycova after splitting from earlier women’s doubles partner Martina Hingis of Switzerland. (Pan Pacific Open: Second seeds Sania-Barbora reach women’s doubles final)The duo have produced a series of good performances since then. Their first tournament together was the Cincinnati Open where they defeated Hingis and CoCo Vandeweghe in the final. They have lost just one match since then, in the US Open where they crashed out of the quarter-finals. (Sania Mirza-Barbora Strycova win Pan Pacific doubles title)They won their second title last week when they won the Pan Pacific Open in Tokyo last week. (Sania Mirza-Barbora Strycova advance into US Open quarterfinals)The recent run of good results mean that Sania continue to be world number one in the women’s doubles rankings with 9,730 points, but only five points separate her from estranged partner Hingis (9,725).last_img read more

Sultan Azlan Shah Cup: India hammer New Zealand 3-0

first_imgAfter a 2-2 draw against Great Britain in their opening game, India came out with a brilliant performance to beat New Zealand 3-0 in their second match at the 26th Sultan Azlan Shah Cup in Malaysia on Sunday.Mandeep Singh opened the scoring for India in the 23rd minute of the game midway through the second quarter with a desection. Defender Harmanpreet Singh then doubled the lead just before halftime with a powerful drag flick.He then scored another goal in the same fashion early in the fourth quarter (47th minute) to seal the win for the Men in Blue.Earlier on Saturday, India were held to a 2-2 draw by Great Britain in the opening match of the tournament.Akashdeep Singh (19th minute) and Mandeep Singh (48th minute) scored field goals to give India the lead twice in the match but only to see the Britons hit back through Tom Carson (25th) and Alan Forsyth (52nd).India will now take on defending champions Australia in their next encounter.last_img read more

UEFA’s Platini vs. FIFA’s Blatter

first_imgLONDON — In the buildup to the Champions League final, Lionel Messi and Andrea Pirlo could be overshadowed by a star of the showpiece 30 years earlier: Michel Platini.As Barcelona and Juventus descend on Berlin to contest European soccer’s annual extravaganza on June 6, the UEFA President will be formulating the continent’s fightback against Sepp Blatter’s FIFA.Platini, a European Cup winner with Juventus in 1985 who helped Blatter first get elected in 1998, has put UEFA on a direct collision course with FIFA in what he says is a mission to restore credibility to the sport.Platini and UEFA led efforts to oust Blatter from power, supporting challenger Prince Ali bin al-Hussein of Jordan in the May 30 election, but the 79-year-old Swiss official extended his 17-year grip on power.Blatter’s victory came despite some of his close allies, including FIFA vice presidents, being arrested in Zurich ahead of the congress as part of an American investigation into soccer corruption.Platini will now lead a UEFA meeting in Berlin on June 5 to discuss their next move: begrudgingly put up with four more years of Blatter or seriously threaten a European exodus from FIFA.English soccer leaders have been long-standing critics of Blatter and are hoping for action from Platini.“It does require real leadership and Mr. Platini has now got to stand up,” English FA Chairman Greg Dyke told the BBC. “He stood up and criticized Sepp Blatter. He’s now got to lead the opposition.”A World Cup boycott does not appear to be a credible threat without the weight of the game’s powers behind UEFA. “If we could get 10 large countries to do the same thing then I think you could have a big impact,” Dyke said.German federation President Wolfgang Niersbach, a new member of FIFA’s ruling Executive Committee, cautioned that “boycotts are always a bad weapon.”“I don’t see that it helps us Europeans to boycott the (FIFA) executive committee,” Niersbach told German newspaper Bild am Sonntag.Blatter warned of the main potential consequence of a UEFA boycott: players deserting Europe’s wealthy leagues to ensure they could continue playing for national teams.In a Swiss newspaper interviewed published on May 31, Blatter pointed out: “Europe couldn’t even get together its own candidate.”Dutch football federation President Michael van Praag and Portugal great Luis Figo withdrew their candidacies a week before the poll, leaving Prince Ali as the UEFA-backed challenger.Blatter’s daughter, Corinne, weighed in to defend her father’s integrity and questioned why Platini ducked out of contesting the Presidential election.“How can UEFA, who say they are the strongest confederation, not put up a candidate?” Corinne Blatter told the BBC. “If (Platini) was serious about it he should have (stood).”Platini’s plans were derailed, though, when Blatter reneged on a 2011 pledge to step aside at the end of his four-year term.“If he had kept his promise and recommended that his protege Platini should be his successor, a clean transition would have been possible,” Niersbach said.“We wanted change — we did not achieve that aim. Now we as Europe must watch that we keep to a clear line and of course we will continue to work closely together in UEFA on this.“We must, for example, watch out that we do not lose power in the ExCo because the number of members from other continents is increased. We must now deal with the situation and consult again as UEFA before the Champions League final.”The soccer world will also be watching to see if any leading players — like Barcelona’s Messi or Juventus’ Pirlo — take a stand against Blatter.In the run-up to Blatter’s re-election, the stars of the game stayed silent despite the FIFA corruption scandal leading the news agenda globally.That frustrates David Bernstein, the former English FA Chairman. “We need action now,” Bernstein said. “I’d like to hear football managers speaking out. I’d like to hear footballers speaking out. I’d like Lionel Messi and (Cristiano) Ronaldo coming out.“I’d like to hear football clubs coming out and trying to influence their supporters.”In Britain, Prime Minister David Cameron has been urged by the opposition Labour Party to convene an emergency summit on FIFA. Legislator Chris Bryant, who speaks on sports issues for Labour, said British teams should consider snubbing FIFA competitions.The Serious Fraud Office in London also said it was assessing “material in its possession” after British banks Barclays, HSBC and Standard Chartered Bank were named in U.S. indictments as among the financial institutions used to transfer cash as part of the alleged conspiracy.___(ROB HARRIS, AP Sports Writer)TweetPinShare0 Shareslast_img read more

1st ODI: Toothless Australia demolished by South Africa in Perth

first_imgSouth Africa crushed Australia by six wickets to take a 1-0 lead in the three-match series at the Perth Stadium on Sunday.The Proteas bowlers were on fire and reduced Australia to 8/3 from 5.5 overs and the home side couldn’t recover from it.Dale Steyn started the proceedings and got two early wickets to remove Travis Head and Shaun Marsh’s last minute replacement D’ Arcy Short for as little as 4 on the board. Lungi Ngidi then joined the proceedings and got the wicket of Australian captain Aaron Finch to hurt them further.Australia vs South Africa 1st ODI: HighlightsChris Lynn and wicketkeeper Alex Carey did try to build an innings Lynn’s 32-ball 15 came to an end when he handed Quinton de Kock a catch off Andile Phehlukwayo in the 17th over. In came Glenn Maxwell and he did try to hit his way out and smashed two boundaries but Phehlukwayo returned to send him packing and reduce the home side to 48/5.Carey hung in there and looked to keep the scoreboard ticking and was supported for a while by Marcus Stoinis, Pat Cummins and Nathan Coulter-Nile but his 71-ball stay ended in the 32nd over when he was caught behind by de Kock off Imran Tahir, thus, reducing the hosts to 107/8. Coulter-Nile however came to the rescue and with little help from Mitchell Starc took Australia’s score past the 150-mark before Ngidi and Tahir cleaned up the tail to bowl them out for 152 from 38.1 overs. Andile Phehlukwayo picked up 3/33 from six overs for South Africa (@ICC Photo)Carey top-scored for the Aussies with 33 while Phehlukwayo picked up 3/33 from six overs. Steyn, Ngidi and Tahir bagged two wickets each.advertisementThe total was never going to be sufficient and De Kock and Reeza Hendricks saw to that.Hendricks was happy to absorb pressure and run the singles, even as de Kock plundered at the other. De Kock scored a 40-ball 47 in a 94-run opening stand, putting away seven boundaries en route.By the time he was dismissed by Coulter-Nile, South Africa had more than halved the target. Hendricks didn’t last too long thereafter, ballooning a miscued effort, but at 122/2, it was all too little too late for Australia.Stoinis added Aiden Markram (36 off 32) and Heinrich Klaasen (2) to his victims list, but South Africa eased to the target with 124 balls to spare.Australia, who will defend the 50-overs World Cup in England next year, were desperate for a morale-boosting win after a miserable nine months for the sport Down Under since the ball-tampering scandal in the Test series in South Africa. But, with the loss, they succumbed to their 13th loss in 15 ODIs.The second ODI of the three-match series will be played on Friday in Adelaide.last_img read more

Keys, Gray and Allardyce talk football, or are they talking about something else?

first_imgThe nights draw in, November is upon us, and it is time to gather round for another episode in our occasional series What We Talk About When We Talk About Football.As anyone who has spent any time trying to avoid difficult conversations knows, football (and indeed all sport) is perhaps the greatest proxy subject ever created. It provides such helpful cover for a range of repressed upsets, inchoate resentments and subclinical neuroses that, as life goes on, many find it the subject which they feel safest and most comfortable talking about with, say, their parents. And, in due course, with their grown-up children. It is the circle of life, the Great Avoidance, and anyone who has used it to spare themselves another pointless argument about anything from Brexit to how some domestic issue was handled 30 years ago knows to what extent we are all in its most estimable debt. Reuse this content Share via Email In fact, to watch the trio in action is to realise that you’re looking at the perfect subs’ bench should some horrendous and unforeseen negotiating injury befall the so-called Three Brexiteers in the cabinet. Sam Allardyce’s magical thinking as far as deals are concerned would make him the ideal candidate to go on for hopelessly overpromoted trade secretary Liam Fox, while Richard Keys’s unshakeable sense of his own analytic intellect suggests he could be brought on for Dexeu secretary David Davis without warm-up. As for Andy Gray, finally, he would be the perfect substitution for ragingly xenophiliac foreign secretary Boris Johnson. Both are natural diplomats, of course. But the real symmetry was surely suggested by that deathless newspaper expose of yore, when Andy was reported to have inquired of an unfortunate La Manga hotel concierge: “Eh senorio, where’s the fucking taxio?” Share on Pinterest Topics Sportblog Share on Messenger Share on LinkedIn Football Sam Allardyce Read morecenter_img Share on Twitter Marina Hyde Share on Facebook Fifa’s World Cup money-grabbing may be running into the sand in Qatar Richard Keys Read more Share on WhatsApp To Doha, then, and another vital intervention in the national debate from beIN sports legends Richard Keys and Andy Gray. When I say “national”, I refer of course to the nation these two complete anchors left behind in football’s cruellest instance of brain drain. Namely, Britain. Their contribution to the national debate in their new homeland is so relentlessly, obsequiously positive that Richard has long been known to this column as Qatar’s Lord Haw-Haw.Even so, only the humourless could fail to admire the niche the pair have carved out for themselves in the Middle East. Richard likes to call their broadcast offering “the greatest football show on the planet”, a review which displays just the right level of confidence. The co-inventor of the Premier League would back himself against any earthling, but wisely keeps his powder dry as far as intergalactic banter goes. Either way, all televisual experts would agree the erstwhile Gloria Steinems of Sky Sports have created a new and distinct broadcast identity. And that identity is malevolently seething versions of Ron Manager.As Fast Show viewers who loved him know, Ron’s nostalgia-rambles were an always entirely benign means of harking back to a yesteryear that never quite existed in the way one remembered it. With Richard and Andy, what you frequently get is a sense that when we are talking about how things used to be, football is merely a device. Sometimes, it even sounds like a dog whistle.Consider their show from last week, which featured Sam Allardyce. News that Leicester had confirmed Claude Puel as their new manager had earlier prompted Richard to unleash a typically mild tweet, reading simply: “RIP British Coaching”. Now, these three wise men – all unimaginably enriched by the game of football – were providing the deep dive into the matter.According to Allardyce (and my thanks to Adam Hurrey of Football Clichés for the clips): “You are almost deemed as second class because it’s your country today.” “We are highly educated, highly talented coaches with nowhere to go.” And: “The Premier League … is a foreign league in England now.” Mmmm. This is one of those discussions about football when you wonder if we are just discussing football.The episode certainly serves as a reminder that the notion of being “left behind” is no respecter of wealth. It is a popular misconception – indeed, a populist one – that the left behind are economically disadvantaged. Instead, the likes of Richard Keys, Andy Gray and Sam Allardyce show us it can also be a state of mind, which can affect the monied elite of the emerald city of Doha just as much as the truly struggling. No matter how well you’ve done, you can be convinced that citizens of nowhere are coming over here and taking your jobs. Even though Keys and Gray are presumably taking Qatari jobs, and Allardyce was literally the £3m-a-year England manager until he sabotaged himself.Thus the football managers’ dinner becomes another of those “no-go areas” in the UK you hear so much about, where natural-born Englishfolk do not tread. In recent times these zones have included the south-west London locale of Parsons Green (such a hotbed of fundamentalism that The White Horse pub, a stone’s throw from the tube station, has for decades now been nicknamed The Sloaney Pony) and the whole of Birmingham. Nigel Farage can frequently be found in off-primetime slots on Fox News attempting to peddle this fantasy, while Florida resident Richard Littlejohn has been doing something similar for years. Newer to the game, but making up for lost time, is dear old Abu Hopkins, down there in her rose-covered house in Devon, delivering remote assessments of a terrorist attack at the Natural History Museum which turned out to be a traffic accident. (I never understand why hysterically wet people like Katie and Nigel talk about the second world war so much – it merely draws attention to the fact that they’d have had to be interned during the conflict for the panic they’d have tried to spread.)Yet just like the above, it must be noted that the likes of Keys and Gray and Allardyce – flown over to Qatar to spout this nonsense, if you please! – have found a way to profit personally from their elitist bitterness, all the while affecting to cry into their Leave-o-tinis about a vanished idyll. Theirs is a worldview that has had a great run of late, but which may soon be soberingly, painfully debunked. comment José Mourinho still has issues with Manchester United fans which don’t existlast_img read more

Transfer roundup: Tottenham agree £25m fee for PSG’s Lucas Moura

first_imgReuse this content Arsenal agree £55.5m Aubameyang fee as Dortmund eye Batshuayi Share on Facebook It is understood he has already agreed personal terms, having attended Tottenham’s training ground in Enfield last week, with only the structure of the fee to be resolved. Having allowed Georges-Kévin Nkoudou to join Burnley on loan earlier this week, Pochettino had been interested in signing Wilfried Zaha but was informed by Crystal Palace that the Ivory Coast international is not for sale.Elsewhere Watford have completed a deal for Gerard Deulofeu, with the Barcelona winger joining on loan for the rest of the season. Watford will pay the winger’s salary with a potential add-on of €1m. Javi Gracia is also interested in signing Didier Ndong from Sunderland on loan, although Chris Coleman’s side are holding out for a fee close to the £14m they paid for the Gabon midfielder last summer. His departure would allow Sunderland to make a move for the former Arsenal trainee Chuks Aneke of MK Dons. West Ham’s attempts to bolster their midfield have led to David Moyes turning his attention to Fulham’s Tom Cairney, with the Championship side rejecting a £17m bid for the Scotland international. Moyes confirmed yesterday that Pedro Obiang is likely to be sidelined for some time after injuring his knee at the weekend, with Anderlecht’s Leander Dendoncker another potential target. The Senegal striker Diafra Sakho has completed a move to Rennes in a reported £9m deal. Brighton have completed the loan signing of Leonardo Ulloa from Leicester City, with the 31-year-old returning to the club where he scored 26 goals in 58 appearances.Roy Hodgson has spoken regarding Crystal Palace’s pursuit of the Getafe goalkeeper Vicente Guaita. “He’s a player we like,” he said. “It would be nice if he could come in during the window, and the chairman and Dougie Freedman are trying to do [that].” Regarding a loan move for the Lille defender Ibrahim Amadou, Hodgson added: “[He’s] another name we’ve talked about but it’s a deal or a decision or a situation being dealt with by the chairman and the sporting director.” Topics Share via Email Share on Messenger Transfer window Share on LinkedIn Read more news Share on Twitter Share on WhatsApp Tottenham have agreed a £25m deal with Paris Saint-Germain to sign Lucas Moura, with the Brazilian expected to complete his move to north London before Wednesday’s transfer deadline.Talks over the 25-year-old have been held for several weeks, with Mauricio Pochettino keen to add to his forward options as Spurs prepare for their last-16 Champions League tie against Juventus next month. Moura, who moved to PSG in 2013 for around £38m from São Paulo, is eligible to play in European competition having been used sparingly this season by Unai Emery. Tottenham Hotspur Share on Pinterest Paris Saint-Germainlast_img read more

Won’t feel too bad if I’m left out: Jofra Archer on his World Cup 2019 dreams

first_imgWon’t feel too bad if I’m left out: Jofra Archer on his World Cup 2019 dreamsJofra Archer picked up 1 wicket on his ODI debut against Ireland on Friday but the player admitted that he wasn’t expecting to make debut for England as early as he didadvertisement Asian News International DubaiMay 5, 2019UPDATED: May 5, 2019 15:53 IST Archer can still see himself part of the World Cup team if he puts up impressive performances against Pakistan (Twitter: @englandcricket)HIGHLIGHTSJofra Archer is not part of England’s 15-member team for the World Cup at the momentArcher can still see himself part of the World Cup team if he puts up impressive performances against PakistanEngland take on Pakistan in a one-off T20I and 5-match ODI series beginning todayEngland all-rounder Jofra Archer has said that he isn’t thinking too far ahead to the upcoming Cricket World Cup and he wants to take it one match at a time.”It’s game by game, I’m not thinking too far ahead. If I do well here, it will probably put my case forward. But I’m not focusing on the World Cup spot. Anyone would think about it,” International Cricket Council (ICC) quoted Archer as saying.Archer is not part of England’s 15-member team for the World Cup at the moment, but all the teams are allowed to make changes to their squad until May 23 so the bowler can very well see himself part of the World Cup team if he puts up impressive performances in the series against Pakistan.”All I can do is just play well here and hope. I’ll try not to set my heart on it. Obviously, the guys have been together a long time and they probably do deserve it, so I won’t feel too bad if I’m left out,” Archer said.The 24-year-old Archer made his ODI debut against Ireland on Friday and he managed to scalp one wicket in the match. However, the player admitted that he wasn’t expecting to make debut for England as early as he did.”It’s done now. I’m here. It happened a bit quicker than I expected – I had my eyes set on 2023 and to be given the opportunity so early is really exciting. I’m here with a great team at a great time,” Archer said.advertisementArcher, originally born in Barbados, held a British passport and he was fast-tracked to the England cricket team after England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) changed its eligibility criteria.”It’s been very welcoming. I knew most of the guys before coming here but it’s nice to come into a new team with some people you know. Sometimes the media can get things wrong and misquote people. Since I’ve been here I didn’t feel any malice at all. It’s a really welcoming bunch of lads. I’m happy,” Archer said.England take on Pakistan in a one-off T20I and five-match ODI series beginning today and the team takes on South Africa in the opening match of the World Cup on May 30.Also Read | Jofra Archer set to make ODI debut for England after IPL heroicsAlso Read | Don’t want to step on anyone’s toes: Jofra Archer on England World Cup-squad selectionFor sports news, updates, live scores and cricket fixtures, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for Sports news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byAjay Tiwari Tags :Follow Jofra ArcherFollow ICC Cricket World Cup 2019Follow England cricket teamlast_img read more

The Latest French minister Brexit advocates lied to voters

first_imgLONDON — The Latest on the Brexit negotiations (all times local):9:15 a.m.France’s finance minister is calling some British politicians “liars” who fooled voters into thinking leaving the EU would be easy and in their interests.As British Prime Minister Theresa May battles to save her Brexit plan amid domestic criticism, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said Friday “the truth is that Brexit could end with a nightmare.”Le Maire defended the European Union’s single market, calling it a “considerable force” in global trade and warning that Britain could face “economic disaster” if it leaves.French President Emmanuel Macron’s government is among the strongest defenders of the EU and is trying to limit the damage to the bloc from Britain’s exit and ensure that Brexit doesn’t encourage other EU members to leave.Le Maire was speaking to a conference in Paris on reforming the global trade system.___8:40 a.m.British Prime Minister Theresa May is appealing directly to voters to back her Brexit plan, as she waits to see whether rivals within her party have gained enough support to launch a leadership challenge.May was answering questions from callers on a radio phone-in Friday, the day after she vowed to stay in office and see through Britain’s exit from the European Union.May is battling to save her Brexit plan, and her job, after the draft withdrawal agreement between Britain and the EU sparked fierce opposition from euroskeptic politicians in her Conservative Party.Several Conservative lawmakers are pushing for a no-confidence vote, hoping to reach a threshold of 48 to trigger a challenge.Two ministers quit May’s government on Thursday. A third, Environment Secretary Michael Gove, is considering whether to follow them.The Associated Presslast_img read more

Autism awareness must be created among people Mamata

first_imgKolkata: Urging people to create awareness on autism, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said Tuesday that West Bengal will soon have a world-class township near Kolkata, where people suffering from the disorder will receive training, treatment and boarding facilities. The centre, a first of its kind in India, is expected to have housing facilities for 350 residents and daycare centre for over 200 children, adolescents and adults, according to a state government official. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c details “Today is #WorldAutismAwarenessDay. We must create more awareness about autism among the people. You will be happy to know that a world-class autism township is coming up near #Kolkata, where autistic children and adults will receive training, treatment and boarding facilities,” the CM tweeted. World Autism Awareness Day is observed every year on April 2 to generate awareness on the developmental disorder. The theme for this year is Assistive Technologies, Active Participation.last_img read more

Spain Issues Arrest Warrant Against Benjamin Netanyahu

By Scheherazade BloulRabat – Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu could risk arrest if he sets foot in Spain after a Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for him and seven other former and current government officials.According to the Jerusalem Post, the national court judge Jose de la Mata issued the warrants over the 2010 Gaza Freedom Flotilla attack after the case was reopened. The case was brought against the group after Israeli security forces attempted to stop a group of six aid ships trying to reach Gaza, which ended in the death of 10 activists, eight of whom were Turkish nationals.Israel Defence Force boarded the Mavi Marmara, the main civilian vessel and opened fire after they were attacked by the human rights activists killing nine. The tenth activist later died in hospital after sustaining wounds in the debacle.The raid drew widespread condemnation and resulted in tensions between Turkey and Israel after Turkey recalled its ambassador and called for an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council. Other men who face arrest include former foreign minister Avigdor Liberman, current  defence minister Moshe Ya’alon, former ministers Ehud Barak, Dan Meridor, minister-without-portfolio Bennie Begin and vice admiral Eliezer Marom, who was in charge of the operation. An Israeli Foreign Ministry spokeperson told The Jerusalem Post: “We consider it to be a provocation. We are working with the Spanish authorities to get it canceled. We hope it will be over soon.” read more

Brocks international enrolment jumps 13 per cent for firstyear undergrads

President Gervan Fearon addresses the crowd at the International Open House on Wednesday, Sept. 6. It’s not the snow that worries Esther van Zadelhoff. She’s seen that before in her travels. And it can be pretty. She’s far more concerned with that bitter Canadian cold she’s heard so much about.But for the first-year psychology student from the Caribbean island of Curaçao, off the coast of Venezuela, it’s all part of the adventure of moving 3,500 km north to attend Brock University.She’s one of 1,777 international students who have chosen Brock this year, a total that includes 1,160 undergrads and 617 students in graduate programs.The numbers also include an 13-per-cent increase in undergrad international students who are new to Brock this year. Enrolment data shows sizeable jumps in the faculties of Mathematics and Science, Humanities and Applied Health Sciences. And while China continues to be the biggest market for Brock International, there are also significant numbers from India, Africa and the Middle East .van Zadelhoff speaks for many international students who have left home to come to Canada and a new culture.“It’s a bit overwhelming because it’s big here,” she said. “I’m used to knowing everyone on the island because it’s so small.”As they did with their older two daughters, van Zadelhoff’s parents Maarten and Ilsa, along with her grandmother Femmy Kistemaker, travelled with her to her new home in Niagara last week.“It helps having them here, but I’m excited to go out on my own,” Esther said. “It’s really cool to meet new students from all over the world. The whole experience of going into University is really different — especially being so far from home.”Jamie Mandigo, Brock’s Vice-Provost, Enrolment Management and International, says the influx of new students is the result of years of hard work from Brock’s international recruiting teams.“We’ve looked at more diverse markets like India, the Middle East and Africa,” Mandigo said. “We’ve had recruiters go to those places, developing partnerships and relationships and making personal connections with people.”He said there’s also a growing appetite for international higher education among many countries around the world.“A lot of countries are encouraging their young people to go and have a global experience. Canada is viewed as a safe and welcoming country, and we have high standards. No matter where in Canada you go, you’re going to get a high-quality education.”Keeping that momentum going is part of the reasoning behind the Brock International Student Ambassadors program launched this year. Selected students become ambassadors for the University and in exchange, the students get to pay domestic tuition rates, rather than international.“We want them to share their experiences with our own students here and in their home countries,” Mandigo said. “I think our students are our best recruiters. So we want to recognize and celebrate that.”The first group of 10 ambassadors were introduced at the International Open House including: Evans Boadi, Ghana; Ana Caldeira Rua, Portugal; Yi Xiang Chen, Malaysia; Shanen D’Souza, India; Ana Ferreira, Trinidad and Tobago; Skylar Grote, United States; Marcelo Muniz Correa, Brazil; Santiago Negret Rey, Colombia; and Ze Liu and Xiaoyang Xia, China.“I see this as a great honour to be a representative of the University,” said Boadi, a second-year Mathematics and Statistics graduate student. “I know it comes with hard work, and it comes with a big responsibility because I’m representing my country and my continent. But I’m excited for this award.”Brock President Gervan Fearon, centre, along with Jamie Mandigo, Brian Hutchings, Tom Dunk and Leigh-Ellen Keating join Brock’s new International Student Ambassadors and International Award for Possiblities recipients. read more

Michigan hires Brady Hoke to replace Rodriguez

The University of Michigan announced Tuesday it hired former San Diego State coach Brady Hoke as its 19th head coach in program history. Hoke’s hiring came less than a week after Michigan fired former coach Rich Rodriguez. Hoke is coming off of his second season as San Diego State’s coach with a 13-12 overall record. Before San Diego State, Hoke coached his alma mater Ball State for six seasons, where his record was 34-39. Hoke spent eight seasons, from 1995-02, as Michigan’s defensive line coach under former coach Lloyd Carr. “We are pleased to announce the hiring of Brady,” Michigan athletic director David Brandon said in a statement. “He is a terrific coach and will be a great ambassador and leader for our football program. We look forward to having him build a championship program on the field and in the classroom.” Hoke’s hiring came a day after Brandon and other Michigan officials met with former Michigan offensive lineman and current LSU coach Les Miles about the coaching vacancy. On Tuesday, LSU athletic director Joe Alleva announced Miles would be returning to LSU for a seventh season. Hoke will have the challenge of turning around a Michigan program that has gone 15-22 in the past three seasons under Rodriguez. The Wolverines’ last game under Rodriguez was a 52-14 loss to Mississippi State in the Gator Bowl. A Michigan spokesperson told The Lantern that the university would reserve comment on the hiring until a 1 p.m. press conference Wednesday to formally introduce Hoke. read more

Dewatering pontoons supplied to Hirschau mine

first_imgWeir Minerals has secured an order for the two largest pontoon-mounted dewatering systems it has sold to date in Europe from German mining company Dorfner for its Hirschau mine near Regensburg, Germany. The pontoons will replace the current dewatering system at the mine, which produces kaolin, quartz sand and feldspar – minerals used in the ceramics and glass production industries and also as fillers in a wide range of manufactured products. Two systems will be installed, each featuring innovative new plastic floats, developed by engineers from Weir Minerals South Africa, along with two Warman DWU high-head dewatering pumps driven by electric motors. Dorfner uses Weir Minerals pumps widely for recovery, transportation and milling of its products and already boasts more than 50 Warman units across its operations.Uwe Bär, Project Engineer for dewatering at Dorfner, said: “We have been considering upgrading the dewatering system for a number of years now but, following the heavy rains we experienced in the region in May and June this year, it is clear that upgrading the system is a priority. We have selected the system from Weir not only because of the excellent performance track record of the Warman slurry pumps we have used widely in the past, but also because of the availability of a complete integrated pumps and pontoon system which includes all of the necessary operator safety features. We are also in regular contact with Weir for maintenance of our process circuit pumps, so it will be an advantage to have a single point of contact in the unlikely event we encounter any issues with the new system.”Tony Locke, Managing Director at Weir Minerals Europe, said: “Systems like this are a common sight in the southern hemisphere at the large open-pit mining operations that are common in South Africa, South America and Australia, but they are less frequently used in European mines. “This is a great example of how we are able to call on the expertise of our other Weir Minerals territories to deliver the best possible solution to any challenge we are presented with.” Dorfner was established in 1895 at Hirschau near Regensburg – the site of one of Germany’s largest kaolin deposits.last_img read more

103yearold cookie eaten

first_img Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram An English emergency/ sustenance cracker, which was part of a survival kit on one of the Titanic lifeboats went for $32,200.The plain yet of historical value cookie which came with a photograph purported to show the iceberg that caused the historic collision, has been dubbed the “most valuable biscuit in the world” by Henry Aldridge & Son auctioneers in Devizes in Wiltshire.The 3.5 inches square Spillers and Bakers snack, had been kept intact in a Kodak film envelope by Fenwick along with the following notation: “Pilot biscuit from Titanic lifeboat April 1912.”“It is the world’s most valuable biscuit,” Auctioneer Andrew Aldridge told The Salisbury Journal admitting it fetched $8,000 more than was expected when bought by a collector in Greece.“We don’t know which lifeboat the biscuit came from but there are no other Titanic lifeboat biscuits in existence to my knowledge.” “I couldn’t imagine anything less appetizing, but if you’re in a rowing boat in the middle of the ocean, you’d certainly eat it with the rest of them,” Aldridge continued.He explained that the cracker has survived all these years because it’s similar in composition to a hot cross bun.“If you get one of those and leave it out, it will dry and it will fossilise. If you left a slice of bread out, it would go green and start to rot, but hot cross buns don’t, and neither do these biscuits.”Source: BBC News, Salisbury Journallast_img read more

JAMAICA MORTGAGE BANK LEAD FINANCIER OF UWI STUDENT HOUSING

first_img Keynote Speaker on Opening of Natl Tourism Symposium in TCI Related Items:courtney wynter, Jamaican mortgage bank, university of west indies Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Student invites Obama to Turks and Caicos; he says ‘Absolutely’ Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppKingston, 19 Sept 2014 (Jamaica Information Service) – ​The Jamaica Mortgage Bank (JMB) is the lead financier for the first phase of a major housing project on the Mona campus of the University of the West Indies (UWI), which will provide accommodation for 1,584 students over the next three years.Ground was broken on Thursday (September 18) for the development, which is being undertaken at a cost of $4 billion.Under phase one of the project, 576 units will be constructed at a cost of $1.35 billion for delivery by August 2015. The JMB and National Commercial Bank have signed a syndicated loan agreement with 138 Student Living Jamaica Ltd, the developers and proposed operator of the new residences, for the first phase, with JMB taking on the role of lead bank.A syndicated loan is one that is offered by a group of lenders (called a syndicate) who work together to provide funds for a single borrower.General Manager of JMB, Courtney Wynter, said the project can contribute to economic progress through investment in education, and housing development and construction, which are key drivers of growth. “Our analysis shows that for every $250 million that is spent by the housing sector the Government benefits by earning about $103 million, which is just about 40 per cent”, he noted.Mr. Wynter pointed out that the public-private partnership for student accommodation is the first of its kind in Jamaica.“The JMB is excited to be leading this innovative approach to financing. The project will have a tremendous impact on education and training as it supports the university’s strategic drive to increase enrolment, particularly in the areas of medicine, law and engineering,” he added.The housing development involves the construction of 11 six-storey buildings and will be configured to allow access for the disabled.The construction period is 36 to 48 months and should be completed in three segments at the beginning of the 2015, 2016, and 2017 academic years. KIDNEY SPECIALIST RETURNS HOME, WORKING AT HOSPITALSlast_img read more

Man pays for plowing into eagles

first_imgAn Oregon man who willfully drove his truck through a convocation of eagles last summer – killing two – was sentenced this month by an Unalaska judge.A bald eagle on the roof of the PCR. (Photo courtesy of John Ryan)Alaska wildlife troopers issued 29-year-old Dennis C. Thompson a citation last June after a hit and run investigation. The charge was illegal taking of game.According to a state dispatch log entry on June 11, 2015, Thompson was accused of “using a motorized vehicle to harass and/or molest game by accelerating a Ford truck through several bald eagles that were feeding on the roadway.” The incident happened on Summer Bay Road near the Unalaska landfill.Bald eagles are protected under federal law. Unalaska Deputy Police Chief Jennifer Shockley said that in Unalaska, it’s common for residents to have run-ins with the birds.“We do have a number of incidents every year, people report that eagles have struck their vehicle while they are driving down the road, totally unintentionally,” Shockley said. “So it’s not that eagles being hit by cars is particularly unusual, but the intentional part of it is what sets this apart.”Last week, Thompson pled guilty at the Unalaska District Court. He was fined $1000, half of which was suspended, and he was place on probation for a year. The judge also ordered him to pay $3400 in restitution to the Bird Treatment and Learning Center in Anchorage.last_img read more

Ending Price Gouging By The Prescription Drug Industry

first_imgBy Elijah Cummings, Special to the AFROIf you suspect that you and your family are paying far too much for the prescription medicines that help you stay healthy and alive, your suspicions are justified – and you are not alone.  These realities are why I asked our Democratic staff experts on the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee to investigate price gouging by the prescription drug industry.Our May 11th report to the American people, Skyrocketing Drug Prices: Year One of the Trump Administration], is a call to action by the President, the Congress and the American people alike.“Skyrocketing Drug Prices” explores the prescription drug price increases that we have been experiencing during the Trump Administration in three key ways.Rep. Elijah CummingsPrices increased for the best-selling drugs in America:  The data indicate that 16 of the top 20 best-selling drugs in the United States increased significantly in price in the first year of the Trump Administration, mostly by double digits.Prices increased for drugs that cost most for Medicare:  The data indicate that 12 of the top 20 most costly drugs for Medicare Part D increased in price in the first year of the Trump Administration.Prices increased for the biggest U.S. drug companies:  The data indicate that the three largest U.S.-based drug companies—Pfizer, Merck, and Johnson & Johnson— increased the prices of eight of their nine best-selling drugs in the first year of the Trump Administration – the prices of seven of these drugs by double digits.Although alarming, the results of our analysis were hardly surprising. Over the past decade, the prices of 90 percent of brand name drugs have doubled.Prescription drug spending in the United States reached $348 billion last year – a staggering cost with real-life consequences for the American people.Nearly 20 percent of Americans reported not filling prescriptions because they could not afford them – a harsh and unacceptable reality that is even more appalling when practical, market-based solutions have already been proposed.Unfortunately, two of the most promising policy responses to rising prescription costs (prescription drug importation and Medicare prescription drug negotiations) were not included in President Trump’s “American Patients First” plan earlier this month.  It is hardly surprising, therefore, that the proposals received mixed reviews from health policy experts.The critical question, therefore, is “what will reduce our prescription drug pain?”  Here are two policy initiatives that the President did not propose – but should have.Since Americans pay significantly more for our prescription drugs than do our neighbors in Canada, Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and I introduced proposed legislation in March of last year that would allow the importation of safe, lower-cost prescription medication from licensed Canadian pharmacies [S. 469 / H.R. 1245].Our Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act would require that imported medicines have the same active ingredients and strength as their US-approved counterparts – and we would also mandate safeguards, including FDA certification of foreign sellers.Government healthcare programs, especially Medicare, pay for approximately 40 percent of retail prescription drug expenditures.  Because of that market power, reducing the cost of Medicare drug purchases (saving taxpayers $15-16 billion each year) could also moderate the cost of medications for all Americans. Why, Americans should be asking, does Medicare pay far more for prescription drugs than do other federal and state programs?  Under current law, the Secretary of HHS is prohibited from negotiating lower drug prices on behalf of Medicare Part D beneficiaries.As a result, Medicare Part D pays, on average, 73 percent more than does Medicaid for the same brand name drugs and 80 percent more than does our VA.  That is why, in October of last year, Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Congressman Peter Welch (D-VT) and I introduced legislation that would require cost-saving negotiations by Medicare [The Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act, S. 2011 / H.R. 4138].I know that President Trump understands the importance of reducing prescription drug costs by Medicare negotiations.  I have met with him on the subject, looked him in the eye, and told him so.I also suspect that, on this issue and our related drug importation proposal, the President may have concluded that congressional Republicans and their lobbyist allies in Big Pharma would reject reforms that could reduce the price gouging and pain that Americans are experiencing.It follows, then, that the prescription for reducing the high cost of our medicines – for staying healthy and alive – is clear.We can vote for a Congress next November that is committed to rejecting the drug industry’s lobbyists.  As voters, we have the power to make our pain go away.Congressman Elijah Cummings represents Maryland’s 7th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives.last_img read more